Companies around the world are branching out into forest conservation, finding that restoring deforested and degraded land yields high returns for investors, entrepreneurs and the environment. A new report from the World Resources Institute WRI and the Nature Conservancy TNC found that businesses across the technology, consumer products, project management and commercial forestry sectors are making money from planting trees, with sales growing up to 10 times per year. The "restoration economy" is a network of businesses, investors and consumers that engage in economic activity related to restoring land — in this case either through reforestation replanting a degraded area to agroforestry establishing tree-based agricultural systems. They may count among their end markets sustainable timber, livestock feed or consumer products on grocery shelves. Besides serving the market, forest restoration improves water quality; produces sustainable timber, fuel and fiber; improves soil health; provides food and forest products; creates rural jobs; benefits biodiversity; improves air quality; helps mitigate climate change and creates recreational opportunities for communities.
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Plant nurseryVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Bill Gates-Backed Carbon Capture Plant Does The Work Of 40 Million Trees
Ornamental plants are grown for decoration, rather than food or raw materials. They are most often intentionally planted for aesthetic appeal. However, ornamental plants also serve some less obvious uses such as for fragrance, for attracting wildlife and for cleaning the air.
Cutflowers are those cut from the plant, thorns trimmed, and ready to be used in fresh flower arrangements. Common cutflowers include roses, carnations, chrysanthemums, tulips, lilies and gerberas. These include the sedges, rushes, restios, and cat-tails. Potted and indoor plants are grown in residences and offices for decorative purposes, positive psychological effects, or health reasons such as indoor air purification. Common potted plants are bonsais, cacti, Dracaena, Ficus, poinsettia, and bromeliads.
Some important bedding plants are impatiens, marigolds, and petunias. Trees and Shrubs are cultivated for gardens and landscaping. Ornamental trees include cherry blossoms, cedar, mulberry and different palms.
Meanwhile, ivy, lavender, magnolia, Hibiscus and Ficus species are the most common ornamental shrubs. Cellular engineering in ornamentals are mainly focused on micropropagation and haploid and polyploidy breeding. Ornamental industry has relied immensely on micropropagation, using it for large-scale plant multiplication of elite superior varieties. Micropropagation is the desired approach for ornamental crops since propagation by cloning are relatively faster and creates exact replicas of the mother plant.
Haploid breeding. Haploid breeding can also easily produce homozygous individuals upon chromosome doubling, accelerating the breeding process.
Polyploid breeding. In ornamental horticulture, polyploid individuals those with multiple sets of chromosomes are widely used for their improved characters such as larger flowers and thicker petals. Polyploid individuals can either spontaneously appear in nature or be induced by in vitro chromosome doubling. Genetic modification GM has been used for the development of varieties of numerous important food species. Though not at the same scale, there are also research efforts in the field of ornamental plants for varietal development, especially for flowering ornamentals.
Table 1 provides a list of genes used in the development of GM ornamentals. Biotechnology also shortens the duration of variety development in an industry where phenotypic novelty, such as flower color, is an attractive marketing factor. Several traits of ornamental plants have already been modified including flower color, fragrance, flower shape, plant architecture, flowering time, postharvest life and resistance for both biotic and abiotic stresses.
Currently, at least 50 ornamental plants can now be transformed. Ornamental plant traits are classified according to their value in the market chain. There are traits with more value to the grower than to the consumer. These are traits related to ease of production and shipping such as disease resistance and shelf life. Meanwhile, other traits have more value to the consumer such as novel colors, dwarfed plants, modified growth, improved fragrance, flower shapes and flower sizes.
A third category includes breeder traits such as traits that affect seed production such as male sterility The Moon series carnations, containing various flower colors, have been commercially available in Australia, European Union, Japan and USA since the late s while Colombia approved them in the early s.
These four recent events have been approved for commercial use in Malaysia in Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum is one of the most important ornamental plants in the world. Roses The most popular transgenic today is the blue rose. This transgenic rose contains three-genes: a synthetic RNA interference gene to shut off the DFR gene, a delphinidin gene from blue pansy, and another DFR gene from iris that had an affinity for producing delphinidin. Researchers in Suntory are now considering different approaches, including other bluing factors, for the development of a true blue rose.
Petunia Currently, the Petunia-CHS, an event with an altered flower color developed by Beijing University, is the lone petunia event commercially available. This would increase the range of environments in which this bedding plant could be grown. Commercialization of GM food and industrial crops will continue to outpace horticulture and there will be just a few of new GM ornamentals reaching the marketplace.
Despite the numerous ornamental traits being researched on, the study of ornamental plants will still lag behind due to their long life period and its complicated genetic background. However, biotechnologies renew everyday, and researchers in ornamental horticulture should take advantages of these technologies to use with their own specifications, and finally promote the development of research and industry.
Hence, it can be expected that more GM ornamental products will be released in the future. Certain traits of ornamental horticulture may also be compatible to the production of secondary metabolites, including pharmaceuticals.
Pocket K No. Ipt Agrobacterium tumefaciens. RolC Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Amasino and Michaels, ; Jung and Muller, ; Turck et al.
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As an important supplier to the modern horticultural industry, the peat and growing media sector is an important contributor to its sustainability. Growing media are used by the horticulture industry as well as consumers to support the development of plants. The growing medium ensures that the plant can healthily grow by providing it with a range of essential elements:. Growing media are used to grow a wide variety of plants including vegetables, fruits, floriculture ornamentals, tree and shrub ornamentals and speciality plants. The range of growing media constituents used includes peat, coir pith, woodfibers, bark, composted materials i. Mineral constituents like perlite, pumice, clay and vermiculite are also used.
Information about saplings and seedlings of trees and shrubs
Ornamental plants are grown for decoration, rather than food or raw materials. They are most often intentionally planted for aesthetic appeal. However, ornamental plants also serve some less obvious uses such as for fragrance, for attracting wildlife and for cleaning the air. Cutflowers are those cut from the plant, thorns trimmed, and ready to be used in fresh flower arrangements. Common cutflowers include roses, carnations, chrysanthemums, tulips, lilies and gerberas. These include the sedges, rushes, restios, and cat-tails. Potted and indoor plants are grown in residences and offices for decorative purposes, positive psychological effects, or health reasons such as indoor air purification. Common potted plants are bonsais, cacti, Dracaena, Ficus, poinsettia, and bromeliads. Some important bedding plants are impatiens, marigolds, and petunias. Trees and Shrubs are cultivated for gardens and landscaping.
These 14 businesses are growing money on trees
Trees and other ornamental plants beautify otherwise bland areas. They help create a positive aesthetic environment that attracts and welcomes customers of local businesses. Stores with landscaped areas have proven to make shoppers feel more at ease, and also contribute to appeal of a store. This translates into expanded sales resulting from longer shopping occasions and to stores being able to charge slightly higher prices because of an increase in the perceived quality of the store.
There are many people who think that landscape gardening relates to only gardening in large public parks or palaces of the rich. Landscaping as it is done for larger estates or public parks can also be implemented in a tasteful and artistic way for a small home ground, though on a smaller scale. The term "small" is a misleading 'one so far as it relates to gardens. The simplest definitive or "small", as suggested by some authors quite appropriately, is an area which can be effectively managed and maintained physically as well as financially by the owner and his family with occasional hired labour for such hard work as digging, mowing, and shearing of hedges. Here, ways will be suggested for landscaping only small residential houses. For larger estates, a combination of landscaping effects suggested for parks and home landscaping may be followed. There are some basic guidelines for a home landscape. But personal preference plays a considerable role in developing a home garden.
Economic benefits of plants
Work in nursery facilities or at customer location planting, cultivating, harvesting, and transplanting trees, shrubs, or plants. Find occupations related to multiple tasks. Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings. Find occupations related to multiple detailed work activities. Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics wage data and employment projections.
Tree-planting is the process of transplanting tree seedlings , generally for forestry , land reclamation , or landscaping purpose. It differs from the transplantation of larger trees in arboriculture , and from the lower cost but slower and less reliable distribution of tree seeds. Trees contribute to their environment over long periods of time by providing oxygen, improving air quality, climate amelioration, conserving water, preserving soil, and supporting wildlife. During the process of photosynthesis, trees take in carbon dioxide and produce the oxygen we breathe. In silviculture the activity is known as reforestation , or afforestation , depending on whether the area being planted has or has not recently been forested. It involves planting seedlings over an area of land where the forest has been harvested or damaged by fire , disease or human activity. Tree planting is carried out in many different parts of the world, and strategies may differ widely across nations and regions and among individual reforestation companies.
Habitats were designed to attract birds, butterflies, smaller wildlife, aquatic fauna, etc. The objective of this landscape design was to give justice to the location of the land owned by Mr.
Contents - Previous - Next. Chapter II.
The nursery and landscape industry is made up of thousands of small family businesses that grow, retail, install and care for plants and landscapes. While the number of U. Grower cash receipts from nursery and greenhouse sales on sales of plants to retail and distribution businesses have grown steadily over the last two decades and are increasing. The nursery operations also generate biomass in the form of pruning and culling waste.
A nursery is a place where plants are propagated and grown to a desired age. They include retail nurseries which sell to the general public, wholesale nurseries which sell only to businesses such as other nurseries and to commercial gardeners , and private nurseries which supply the needs of institutions or private estates. Nurseries may supply plants for gardens, agriculture, forestry and conservation biology. Some of them specialize in one phase of the process: propagation, growing out, or retail sale; or in one type of plant: e.