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Manufacturing industry workers and special-purpose products

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Our mission is to help leaders in multiple sectors develop a deeper understanding of the global economy. Our flagship business publication has been defining and informing the senior-management agenda since Over the past two decades, automation in manufacturing has been transforming factory floors, the nature of manufacturing employment, and the economics of many manufacturing sectors.

Today, we are on the cusp of a new automation era: rapid advances in robotics, artificial intelligence, and machine learning are enabling machines to match or outperform humans in a range of work activities, including ones requiring cognitive capabilities.

Industry executives—those whose companies have already embraced automation, those who are just getting started, and those who have not yet begun fully reckoning with the implications of this new automation age—need to consider the following three fundamental perspectives: what automation is making possible with current technology and is likely to make possible as the technology continues to evolve; what factors besides technical feasibility to consider when making decisions about automation; and how to begin thinking about where—and how much—to automate in order to best capture value from automation over the long term.

To understand the scope of possible automation in the manufacturing sector as a whole, we conducted a study of manufacturing work in 46 countries in both the developed and developing worlds, covering about 80 percent of the global workforce.

Our data and analysis show that as of , billion of the billion working hours 64 percent spent on manufacturing-related activities globally were automatable with currently demonstrated technology.

This includes activities that currently have some elements of automation for example, sending email. These figures suggest that, even though manufacturing is one of the most highly automated industries globally, there is still significant automation potential within the four walls of manufacturing sites, as well as in related functional areas such as supply chain and procurement. We emphasize that the potential for automation described above is created by adapting and integrating currently demonstrated technologies 3 3.

In some cases, that level of performance has been demonstrated through commercially available products, in others through research projects.

Moreover, it is notable that recent technological advances have overcome many of the traditional limitations of robotics and automation. Artificial intelligence is also making major strides that are increasing the potential for automating work activities in many industries: in one recent test, for example, computers were able to read lips far more accurately than professionals.

Analyzing work activities rather than occupations is the most accurate way to examine the technical feasibility of automation. Every occupation is made up of multiple types of activities, each with varying degrees of technical feasibility when it comes to automation. The figure below shows the susceptibility to automation of each of seven top-level groupings of activities as well as the time spent on each across all occupations in the United States.

Just over half of all working hours in the United States are spent on activities that are the most susceptible to automation: performing physical activities and operating machinery in a predictable environment, and collecting or processing data exhibit.

Occupations in manufacturing involve activities including, among others, collecting or processing data, applying expertise, and operating machinery which we classify as physical work in both predictable and unpredictable environments. Since these and other constituent activities each have a different automation potential, we have arrived at our estimates of automatability for the sector 64 percent of total working hours spent on manufacturing-related activities globally, 87 percent of hours spent on activities performed by workers in production occupations, and 45 percent of hours spent in nonproduction activities by examining the time workers in manufacturing spend on each of them during the workweek.

Our study also looked at the automation potential for specific types of activities and jobs within the manufacturing sector. We found that 87 percent of the hours spent on activities performed by workers in production occupations are automatable—the most of any manufacturing occupation.

Even among other occupations in manufacturing for example, engineering, maintenance, materials movement, management, and administration , however, there is still significant opportunity, with approximately 45 percent of these working hours automatable as well.

While management and engineering activities account for only about 2 percent of automatable working hours in manufacturing, because managers and engineers are the highest-paid workers in manufacturing, the automatable activities they perform represent about 11 percent of automatable labor dollars—behind only production and materials-movement occupations. Substantially automating these activities will likely require further technological advances, especially in natural-language understanding and generation—advances that seem entirely plausible even if they are not imminent.

When comparing various subsectors within manufacturing, we see a wide variation of automation potential that can be explained partly by the nature of the activities themselves, and partly by differences in the skills levels required of workers and in the technological complexity of the manufactured product:. Comparing the groupings listed above, on average we see a 1. Considering that 68 percent of the automatable manufacturing hours in the developing world and 62 percent of automatable labor value are in China and India alone, we see potential for major automation-driven disruption in India and China, although how long that could take will depend, in part, on the speed with which the costs of automation solutions fall to below wage levels in these countries.

A radical shift toward automation in India and China could have major employment implications in both countries and would also inject a substantial boost to economic growth there.

Technical feasibility is, of course, a necessary precondition for automating a given work activity or set of activities. Yet it is far from the only factor companies need to take into account when deciding what and how to automate.

A second factor to consider is the cost of developing and deploying both the hardware and the software for automation. The cost of labor and related supply-and-demand dynamics represent a third factor: if workers are in abundant supply and significantly less expensive than automation, this could be a decisive argument against it—or for automating only to a limited degree.

For example, an automotive supplier in India has found that after introducing low-cost automation of a few steps on its production line—which reduced staffing levels from 17 to 8—its costs are now equivalent to those for a Japanese company running the same kind of production line with a higher degree of automation and a staffing level of only two.

According to our analysis, fewer than five percent of occupations can be entirely automated by adapting currently demonstrated technology. However, about 60 percent of them could have 30 percent or more of their constituent activities automated.

In other words, just by adapting and integrating current technology, automation could change—at least to some degree—the majority of occupations.

This will necessitate significant job redefinition and a transformation of business processes and workplace cultures. Indeed, the most vital component in successfully deploying automation over both the long and short terms may be the hard work of preparing and adapting human capital to work in tandem with technology.

Almost every job will eventually change, and every workflow will eventually be transformed. Many workers will have to be continually retrained to work alongside machines as their jobs continue to evolve. As roles and processes get redefined in these ways, the economic benefits of automation will also include freeing up and repurposing scarce skilled resources. Particularly in the highest-paid occupations, machines can augment human capabilities to a high degree and amplify the value of expertise by freeing employees to focus on work of higher value.

In aircraft maintenance, for example—where drones and insect-size robots could someday perform inspections, robots could deliver parts and tools, and automated tugs could move planes in and out of hangars—fewer technicians would be needed on the maintenance hangar floor, but those who remained would spend more time problem solving for nonroutine issues.

These workers will, however, need continual retraining to keep up with developing technology. While it is tempting for a manufacturer to view automation primarily as a labor-savings lever, these other benefits are often larger than those of reducing labor costs.

Automation options should be considered and evaluated using a clear strategy focused on reducing the total cost of operations. We find that companies typically use automation to address a number of opportunities, including increasing throughput and productivity, eliminating variation and improving quality, improving agility and ensuring flexibility, and improving safety and ergonomics.

In addition to technical feasibility, cost of hardware and software, labor supply and demand, and benefits beyond labor substitution, a fifth factor to be taken into account in deciding whether and where to automate is regulatory and social-acceptance issues, such as the degree to which machines are acceptable in any particular setting, especially where they will interact with humans.

The potential for automation to take hold in a given sector or occupation reflects a subtle interplay among all five of the factors we have listed and the trade-offs among them.

The ultimate goal for manufacturers as they weigh the various factors described above is to capture as much long-term value as possible from automation. How to go about achieving this depends, in part, on how far along the spectrum of automation maturity a given manufacturer is. We see this spectrum as having four stages:. Exhibit 2 describes in more detail the steps manufacturers can take to move along the spectrum.

Wherever a given company is on the maturity spectrum, it is essential to keep the focus on value creation. Business processes shown to have activities with high automation potential can then be reimagined under scenarios where they take full advantage of automation technologies rather than mechanically attempting to automate individual activities using current processes.

Finally, the feasibility and benefits of these automation-enabled process transformations can be used to prioritize which processes to transform using automation technologies. Such an approach can help ensure that automation investments deliver maximum impact for the enterprise. McKinsey uses cookies to improve site functionality, provide you with a better browsing experience, and to enable our partners to advertise to you.

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Sidebar Understanding automation potential. Sidebar Adapting and enhancing human capital. Related Articles. Article We are living in a digitally disrupted world. Article The great remake: Manufacturing for modern times. Article Manufacturing: Analytics unleashes productivity and profitability. Create a profile.

Our mission is to help leaders in multiple sectors develop a deeper understanding of the global economy. Our flagship business publication has been defining and informing the senior-management agenda since

Are you looking for special purpose machines west midlands area or nationwide? Look no further than Accura Engineering, specialised manufacturers in engineering excellence. We are a UK based company with three different manufacturing companies throughout the West Midlands; altogether we have a strong workforce consisting of 95 highly skilled workers. We manufacture the tools for even the most demanding of industries, which enable companies to produce high-quality goods. Our tools and products we produce, cover industries such as aerospace and motorsport. Also offering a bespoke service to manufacture specialised machined parts, Accura are your go to company should you be interested in receiving the highest standard of engineered goods to support your work sector; our products cover a vast range of trades.

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The combination of robotics, machine intelligence and 5G networks will provide a wealth of opportunities for cooperation between robots and humans that can improve productivity and speed up the delivery of services for citizens. Download pdf. Most analysts agree that smart manufacturing is likely to represent the biggest portion of market revenues for the Internet of Things IoT in the near future. Smart manufacturing is dependent on industrial automation, which relies heavily on the use of robots and machine intelligence. The factory of the future will be realized through the digitization of the manufacturing process and plants, which will be enabled by 5G networks and all their building blocks. As a leader in 5G infrastructure - including cloud technologies, big data analytics and IT capabilities - Ericsson is well placed to take a leading role in this transformation and partner with industries to develop solutions that are tailored to fit their needs.

Plan for Economies of Scope

Gardens are wonderful places. I've weaving some dish-scrubbing cloths to accompany an order of the Autumn Leaves towels I wove last month. The fabric is known for its rugged texture, comfortable feel and ability to keep people warm in winter while keeping them cool during the summer. New fashion production work jobs openings on YuvaJobs.

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Of late, business press and management seminars have been alive with the promise that leading-edge production technology will restore the competitive cost position of American industry. Less well appreciated, however, are the far-reaching effects that such process advances will have on the underlying structure of manufacturing operations.

More than years of experience and highly motivated employees form the basis of our expertise and success. They have made us one of the leading international producers of power springs, stamped parts and stamped-bent parts. Our experienced engineers and technicians develop optimum solutions for your specific requirements. Take advantage right from the planning stage of the experience and specialized technical expertise of our employees, who will be happy to support you in dealing with the issues of cost-effectiveness and development time. With our specific expertise, we support our customers in the automotive and electrical industries and in mechanical and medical engineering with high-performance technical and economic solutions. As a manufacturer of products made from flat-rolled materials, we are experts in a wide range of manufacturing processes. From prototyping through pilot production to mass production and delivery, you receive all services from a single source. Equipped with modern machinery, including high-performance stamping and stamping and bending machines as well as special purpose machines of our own design, we manufacture high-precision products in high volumes.

Heger - more than 100 years of tradition and innovation

Qualified entry-level workers and first level supervisors are in high demand in the manufacturing industry and appropriate training qualifies candidates young and old to take more senior positions, earn higher salaries and relieve the vast shortage of eligible labor in the field. With Intelitek Curriculum, students complete a series of industry relevant courses that will teach them the skills and knowledge required to succeed in industry and take certification exams. Foundation Skills Advanced Foundation Skills.

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This glossary is intended as a practical and easy-to-use guide to common terms used in the advanced manufacturing industry. While we have made every effort to present current and accurate definitions, the glossary should be considered as a resource and not as an authoritative reference. Because the industry is ever evolving and complex, it is impractical to include every applicable term. For more detail on a particular item, refer to the bibliography. A specific additive manufacturing technology, however, this term has gained common usage to describe all manner of additive manufacturing. See Additive Manufacturing. The construction of complex three-dimensional parts from 3D digital model data by depositing successive layers of material. Metal, polymer, and ceramic materials can be used to manufacture parts of a geometry that often cannot be produced by any other manufacturing technology. The names of specific additive manufacturing technologies include: 3D printing, layered object manufacturing, selective laser sintering, selective laser melting, LENS, stereolithography, and fused deposition modeling. Synonyms include layered manufacturing, solid freeform manufacturing, direct digital manufacturing, rapid prototyping.

industry generally specialized in producing a particular end product within a spe- labor system and from the proliferation of automobile manufacturing Nanjing Aeolus Special-Purpose Vehicle Works, Anshan Passenger Car Works.

Types of manufacturing industries ppt

Biologics are bacterial and viral vaccines, antigens, antitoxins and analogous products, serums, plasmas and other blood derivatives for therapeutically protecting or treating humans and animals. Bulks are active drug substances used to manufacture dosage- form products, process medicated animal feeds or compound prescription medications. Diagnostic agents assist the diagnosis of diseases and disorders in humans and animals. Diagnostic agents may be inorganic chemicals for examining the gastrointestinal tract, organic chemicals for visualizing the circulatory system and liver and radioactive compounds for measuring the function of organ system. Drugs are substances with active pharmacological properties in humans and animals.


Aerial view of HegerFerrit. The latest step of the foundation of HegerFerrit, an individual and new foundry in the conversion area close to the village of Sembach in A new foundry at a value of EUR 25 million was built for the series production of casting components with a weight of up to 30 tons, in particular for wind power stations. This increased the overall production capacity by 30, tons per year. Hans-Jakob Heger. It was in , the company celebrated its th anniversary, when Hans-Jakob Heger passed the management of the company on to his son Johannes, who had already proved himself as a manager as early as in Hans-Jakob Heger participated actively in various business associations. Furthermore, he has been awarded with the Economics Medal Wirtschaftsmedaille of Rhineland-Palatinate.

Industrial automation enabled by robotics, machine intelligence and 5G

Goods and services. The development and deployment of machinery was responsible for one of the great advances in human history, the industrial revolution. Machinery encompasses a vast range of products, ranging from huge industrial turbines costing millions of dollars to the common lawn mower, but all machinery has one common defining feature: it either reduces or eliminates the amount of human work required to accomplish a task. Machinery is critical to the production of many of the Nation's goods and services because nearly every workplace in every industry uses some form of machinery.

An understanding of the history of manufacturing can aid our understanding of the systems we have today. Achieving part-to-part interchangeability and minimizing dimensional variation are often seen as key indicators of quality. Along the way it will become clear how controlling variation has been fundamental to this development. Traditionally, goods were made by skilled craftsmen who were able to produce a complete product using highly adaptable tools.

Axces Production Facility is a productive factory that develops dynamically, provides technical support and systematically stimulates the potential of intellectual personnel, making it possible to offer a new category of products. Despite the short presence of the market foundation of the company falls until the year we have earned trust and recognition from the trading partners. Located in Poland the hall measures 60m x 40m x 8m and is equipped with the best tools and technology. It ensures quality by having obtained multiple quality assurance certificates:.

Definition of "special purpose vehicle" as automobile industry term Special purpose vehicle is defined as the vehicle rigged with special equipment to be driven by vehicle's own engine or other separately mounted engine power source. Although the definition may seem repellent, it simply means a vehicle that performs a certain job.

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