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Plant commercial fabrics made from chemical fibers

Sfiligoj Smole, S. Hribernik, K. Stana Kleinschek and T. Advances in Agrophysical Research. Recently natural and made-man polymer fibres are used for preparation of functionalised textiles to achieve smart and intelligent properties. There are numerous application possibilities of these modified materials.

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Label Lingo: Everything You Need to Know About Natural Fabrics

VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: The production of viscose fibres at Kelheim Fibres GmbH

Register Now. Fiber is a fine hair-like structure and is considered the raw materials of textiles. The fiber is extracted from various sources for commercial use. In addition to obtaining from animals, plants, and minerals, many of the fibers are artificially generated as well. Here is a list of most commonly used textile fibers. Type of textile fibers can be broadly divided into natural fibers and man-made or chemical fibers. They can be further divided based on the source from where the fibers are obtained.

The silk fiber is the only fiber obtained from an insect secretion — silkworm. Wool is the common name applied to the soft, curly fibers obtained chiefly from the fleece of domesticated sheep, and used extensively in textile manufacturing.

Wool production from sheep is affected by nutrition, climate, and care. Mohair is the fleece produced by Angora goats, generally refers to a silk-like pile fabric or yarn. Most notable for its high luster and sheen, mohair takes to dye exceptionally well and can be blended with other yarns to enhance the quality of the overall textile. The Angora goat is thought to originate from the mountains of Tibet, eventually migrating to Ankara, Turkey by the 16th Century.

Alpaca Wool Alpaca wool is a soft, warmth, and lightweight fiber sheared from Alpaca, a member of the biological family of Camelidae, has loft and is well suited for knitted and crocheted products as well as woven applications.

Alpaca fiber has brightness and crimp. Angora Wool is a soft keratinous textile material, produced by the long-haired Angora rabbit. Angora fiber is known to be well blended with lamb or sheep wool, primarily to make spinning easier, but also to improve the washing qualities and to increase versatility.

Camel hair fibers belong to the class of specialty hair fibers with unique characteristics such as luster, softness, warmth, and natural color and sourced from Camels. It has been sorted according to its natural color, white, gray or brown colors. The raw fiber must be de-haired to separate the fine soft cashmere from coarse and worthless hair. Llama Wool Llamas, a kind of sheep, are native to areas of high altitude and relatively cool climate with low humidity of the South American Andes.

The llama is a two-coated animal. Its fine, downy undercoat gives protection from cold and heat. Llamas do vary considerably in fleece length and thickness, so the importance and frequency of shearing will depend on the individual animal as well as climate. Musk oxen belong to Bovidae family which includes bison, buffalo, antelope as well as domesticated sheep, cattle and goats. Qiviut fiber is long with a diameter of 12 — 18 microns which makes it even softer than average cashmere.

Any dog fiber with a staple longer than inches can be used to make yarn, although longer fibers are easier to spin and make for more durable garments. Shorter fibers can be carded with silk or wool to be made into yarn. Dogs with particularly long hair and dual coats, like Samoyed or Great Pyrenees are best for fiber production.

Yak Wool Textile products made of yak wool is highly competitive with cashmere in terms of quality. Regarded as one of the remarkable domestic animals, yak thrives in cold climatic conditions that tower the highest elevations. Animal Secretion Fibers Silk Fiber Silk fibers are natural fibrous protein-based materials, spun by Lepidoptera larvae such as silkworms, spiders, scorpions, mites, and flies. Recently silk is preferred for biomedical, textile and biotechnology industries due to its unique non-toxicity, biocompatibility, and biodegradability properties.

Silk is rightly called the queen of textiles for its luster, sensuousness, and glamour. The silk rival with the most advanced synthetic polymers, yet the production of silk does not require harsh processing conditions. Wow, superb weblog structure!

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Fiber or fibre in British English , see spelling differences ; from the Latin fibra [1] is a natural or synthetic substance that is significantly longer than it is wide. The strongest engineering materials often incorporate fibers, for example carbon fiber and ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene. Synthetic fibers can often be produced very cheaply and in large amounts compared to natural fibers, but for clothing natural fibers can give some benefits, such as comfort, over their synthetic counterparts.

In many ways, natural fabrics are better for the environment. Natural fabrics and fibres come from plants and animals. They are often touted as ecofriendly alternatives to the chemically-intensive procedures involved in synthetic fabric production. But if it takes nearly three thousand litres of water to produce just one cotton t-shirt, is it really more sustainable?

Synthetic fiber

Register Now. Fiber is a fine hair-like structure and is considered the raw materials of textiles. The fiber is extracted from various sources for commercial use. In addition to obtaining from animals, plants, and minerals, many of the fibers are artificially generated as well. Here is a list of most commonly used textile fibers. Type of textile fibers can be broadly divided into natural fibers and man-made or chemical fibers. They can be further divided based on the source from where the fibers are obtained.

Plant Fibres for Textile and Technical Applications

Register Now. Cellulose is a fibrous material of plant origin and the basis of all natural and man-made cellulosic fibers. The natural cellulosic fibers include cotton, flax, hemp, jute, and ramie. Cellulose is a polymeric sugar polysaccharide made up of repeating 1,an hydro glucose units connected to each other by 8-ether linkages.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: From wood cellulose to textile fibres
Natural fibre , any hairlike raw material directly obtainable from an animal, vegetable, or mineral source and convertible into nonwoven fabrics such as felt or paper or, after spinning into yarns, into woven cloth.

Synthetic fibers British English: synthetic fibres are fibers made by humans through chemical synthesis , as opposed to natural fibers that are directly derived from living organisms. They are the result of extensive research by scientists to improve upon naturally occurring animal and plant fibers. In general, synthetic fibers are created by extruding fiber-forming materials through spinnerets , forming a fiber. These are called synthetic or artificial fibers. Synthetic fibres are created by a process known as polymerisation, which involves combining monomers to make a long chain or polymer. The word polymer comes from a Greek prefix "poly" which means "many" and suffix "mer" which means "single units". Note: each single unit of a polymer is called a monomer. There are two types of polymerisation: linear polymerisation and cross-linked polymerisation. Example are rayon, nylon and polyester. Joseph Swan invented the first artificial fiber in the early s; [1] today it would be called semisynthetic in precise usage.

Natural fibre

Если ты будешь жить в нем, то от знакомого мне города мало что останется. Однажды, верю, мы встретимся. Не могу сказать, жду ли я этой встречи или опасаюсь. Я никогда не понимал тебя, Элвин, хотя было время, когда в своем тщеславии я думал, что понимаю.

Саги никоим образом не могли предложить Олвину простора, открытых взору пейзажей, по которым так тосковала его душа.

И наконец, ни в одной из них и намека не было на громадность пространств, в которых свершали свои подвиги люди древности, -- не было ни малейшего следа мерцающей пустоты между звездами и планетами.

Он остановился и вгляделся в пропасть, разверзшуюся веред. -- Хедрон. -- позвал. -- Подойдите, подойдите -- взгляните-ка только Шут присоединился к нему, и они вместе стали разглядывать всю эту фантасмагорию под ногами. На неопределенной глубине, едва видимая, простерлась чудовищных размеров карта -- сложнейшая сеть линий на ней сходилась точно в колонне центральной шахты. Некоторое время они смотрели на все это молча. Затем Хедрон тихо произнес: Ты понимаешь, что это.

-- Думаю, что -- да,-- так же тихо отозвался Олвин.

fibers, as the name implies, are derived from plants. section. Jute, flax, ramie, sedges, rushes, and reeds have long been used for fabrics commercial fibrous materials after processing and differ from the chemical compo- sition of the whole.

BSCI 124 Lecture Notes

На сей раз это было, скорее, благоговение и изумление перед чем-то неведомым и грандиозным. Он глядел в лицо неизвестности, и ему показалось, что он понял: там, у гор, есть нечто, что он просто обязан увидеть. Что это. -- спросил он после долгого молчания. Пауза оказалась столь длинна, что ему пришлось повторить вопрос. Да вот, пытаюсь выяснить, -- коротко ответил Хилвар и снова умолк.

Олвин догадался, чем он сейчас занят, и не стал мешать молчаливому расследованию друга.

А из этого со всей непреложностью следовало, что Диаспар должен быть закрыт, с тем чтобы ничто извне не могло в него проникнуть. Мы создали город, который вам так хорошо известен, и сфабриковали фальшивое прошлое, чтобы скрыть от самих себя нашу слабость. О, мы были не первыми, кто прибегнул к такому способу. но мы оказались первыми, кто проделал все с такой тщательностью. И мы переделали сам дух Человека, лишив его устремлений и яростных страстей, дабы он был вполне доволен миром, которым теперь обладал.

Сохранение предметов в их первозданой свежести здесь не требовало использования схем Но если воздуха не было, то и жизнь не могла существовать - или все-таки могла.

- Конечно, - сказал Хилвар, когда Элвин задал ему этот вопрос, - в такой идее нет ничего биологически абсурдного. Жизнь не может возникнуть в безвоздушном пространстве - но она может развиться до форм, способных в нем выжить.

Хилвар резко поднял глаза на Элвина, явно не понимая его намерений. Полип выглядел взволновано, и постоянные колебания его дыхательного аппарата прервались на несколько секунд. Затем он ответил, не вполне справляясь со своей речью: - Многие годы мы обсуждали эту проблему.

Служители уставились друг на друга в такой беспомощной тревоге, что Элвин с трудом удержался от Пока они шли из парка (причем эскорт держался позади, переговариваясь возбужденным шепотом), Элвин обдумывал следующий ход.

Первым делом следовало точно выяснить, что произошло в его отсутствие. Хедрон, как сообщила ему Серанис, исчез.

Секунду он пристально глядел на гладкую серую поверхность, затем прикоснулся к пульту, и его взгляд упал на Теперь, когда он знал возможности этого чудесного инструмента, план действий был ясен. Не было необходимости тратить месяцы и годы, исследуя Диаспар изнутри, комнату за комнатой, коридор за коридором. С этого нового наблюдательного пункта он мог перелететь за пределы города и сразу же увидеть все проходы, ведущие в пустыню и окружающий мир.

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  1. Gardajar

    Your idea is brilliant

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