The term textile industry from the Latin texere, to weave was originally applied to the weaving of fabrics from fibres, but now it includes a broad range of other processes such as knitting, tufting, felting and so on. It has also been extended to include the making of yarn from natural or synthetic fibres as well as the finishing and dyeing of fabrics. In prehistoric eras, animal hair, plants and seeds were used to make fibres. Silk was introduced in China around BC, and in the middle of the 18th century AD, the first synthetic fibres were created.
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- Series on Fibres: How Is Linen Fabric Made?
- Production Flowchart of Flax Fibre
- How Linen is Made
- Production of yarn
- The Production Method of the Amazing Natural Fabric – Linen
- What is Linen Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where
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- Flax Fiber: Potential for a New Crop in the Southeast
- Textile manufacturing
Series on Fibres: How Is Linen Fabric Made?VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: How Linen Is Made
Linen yarn used for manufacturing linen is spun from fibres found in the stem of the flax plant. The yarn is used for weaving. Fabric woven from the flax yarn is called linen. Linen is a fabric that is quite popular nowadays because of its uses for sheeting, clothing and towelling. Being a natural insulator linen keeps you warm in the winter and cool in the summer.
This unique feature makes linen a popular fabric for making beddings. On top of being a natural insulator , linen tends to become softer and feel nicer to touch after multiple uses.
It is a fabric that will last you a lifetime, since it is woven pretty tightly. All that is needed to turn flax fibre into linen , and then spin and weave the linen fibres into linen fabric is the cellulose flax fibre from the stem of the flax plant. The process for separating the fibres from the woody stalk can use either water or chemicals, but these are ultimately washed away and are not part of the finished material.
Flax grows in temperate climate, on fertile, alluvial types of soil, in areas with moderate rainfall. People cultivate flax as a source of food, oil, fibres and in decorative purposes.
Growing flax is relatively easy and inexpensive, but the production of the fibre that is used for making linen is a very difficult task that requires a lot of knowledge, experience and time. Although nowadays it is a rare thing because of the automatization process, the production of flax fibre is usually still done by hand.
Thank you for your question. I suggest you take a look at this article, which explains how linen is made.
The Production Method of the Amazing Natural Fabric — Linen December 1, Linen yarn used for manufacturing linen is spun from fibres found in the stem of the flax plant. Shanice Hi Shanice, Thank you for your question. Post comment Cancel. Tagged with: flax , flax cultivation , how is it made , how is linen made , how it's made , linen manufacturing , linen production , LinenMe , making linen , manufacturing linen , production of linen.
Account Options Sign in. My library Help Advanced Book Search. View eBook. Peter Lord , Peter R. Woodhead Publishing , M07 25 - pages.
Production Flowchart of Flax Fibre
There are probably many items of clothing within your wardrobe that are made of linen — but how much do you actually know about it? This article will give you all of the essential information that you need to know and answer some of your burning questions like "How is linen fabric made? The history of linen can be traced right back to the Ancient Egyptians, who valued linen so much that they even used it as currency. Linen was only usually worn and used by those in the upper classes, and this continued to be true when the Greeks started using linen. The Hugenots eventually brought linen manufacturing over to England and Northern Ireland — and since then, linen has been made all over the world. Just like cotton fabric, linen is made from a natural source — a plant. Linen is created from the fibres that naturally grow as part of the flax plant, a plat that grows all over the world.
How Linen is Made
Linen is a flax-based textile that is predominantly used for homeware applications. While linen is similar to cotton, it is made from fibers derived from the stems of the flax plant instead of the bolls that grow around cotton seeds. Garments made of linen are desirable in hot and humid climates. Unlike cotton, which tends to retain moisture for a significant period of time, linen dries quickly, which helps reduce heat retention in overly warm conditions. Manufacturing linen, however, is much more time and resource-intensive than making cotton, which has led to a steady reduction in popularity of this fabric that began with the invention of the cotton gin.
Cottonized flax fibers are produced after specified mechanical processing in the modifying cottonization section. Over the process of cottonization these fibers are cleaned from hards and further uptake some quality characteristics of cotton fibers. As a result cottonized flax fibers are applicable to cotton-spinning equipment. At the same time cottonized flax fibers maintain customer-demand characteristics of flax fibers. Short fibers are used for dry method of spinning and production of bag yarns. Short fibers are also the primary material for cottonized flax fibers. Flax-type yarn, which is produced from cottonized fibers is used for household linen and underwear and suiting fabrics. Main Production Production. Fields and farming For the most efficient flax fibers growing we use fields crop rotation system.
Production of yarn
Despite competition from China, India and the countries of Central Asia, textile production in Belarus is the largest in Eastern Europe and among the largest in Europe. It constitutes one of the biggest branches in Belarus over enterprises apart from man-made and flax processing plants. Manufacturing of fibres is an important traditional activity.
Linen yarn is spun from the long fibers found just behind the bark in the multi-layer stem of the flax plant Linum usitatissimum. In order to retrieve the fibers from the plant, the woody stem and the inner pith called pectin , which holds the fibers together in a clump, must be rotted away. The cellulose fiber from the stem is spinnable and is used in the production of linen thread, cordage, and twine. From linen thread or yarn, fine toweling and dress fabrics may be woven. Linen fabric is a popular choice for warm-weather clothing. It feels cool in the summer but appears crisp and fresh even in hot weather. Household linens truly made of linen become more supple and soft to the touch with use; thus, linen was once the bedsheet of choice. While the flax plant is not difficult to grow, it flourishes best in cool, humid climates and within moist, well-plowed soil. The process for separating the flax fibers from the plant's woody stock is laborious and painstaking and must be done in an area where labor is plentiful and relatively inexpensive. It is remarkable that while there is some mechanization to parts of the fiber preparation, some fiber preparation is still done by hand as it has been for centuries. This may be due to the care that must be taken with the fragile flax fibers inside the woody stalk, which might be adversely affected by mechanized processing.
The Production Method of the Amazing Natural Fabric – Linen
The Global textile use of hemp, flax and other bast fibres Jute, Ramie, etc. The textile consumption was more like 4. The synthetic polyesters have captured the crown for the textile fabric industry. The Global flax fibre acreage consists of about , hectares producing about , tones of fibre. The Chinese fibre flax production has a history of more than 90 years. The Chinese have currently about , ha of flax fibre and 20, ha of hemp fibre field production. The predominant and largest end use of bast fibres in China is for textile with some new developments emerging in application to paper production. The fibre flax straw yield is about 2.
What is Linen Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where
The 18th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering LCE continues a long tradition of scientific meetings focusing on the exchange of industrial and academic knowledge and experiences in life cycle assessment, product development, sustainable manufacturing and end-of-life-management. Glocalized Solutions for Sustainability in Manufacturing do not only involve products or services that are changed for a local market by simple substitution or the omitting of functions. Products and services need to be addressed that ensure a high standard of living everywhere. Resources required for manufacturing and use of such products are limited and not evenly distributed in the world. Locally available resources, local capabilities as well as local constraints have to be drivers for product- and process innovations with respect to the entire life cycle.
Flax Linum usitatissimum , also known as common flax or linseed, is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae. It is a food and fiber crop cultivated in cooler regions of the world. Textiles made from flax are known in the Western countries as linen , and traditionally used for bed sheets, underclothes, and table linen.
Flax Fiber: Potential for a New Crop in the Southeast
About Linen. Linen is yarn, and fabric made from flax fibres. Before linen is produced, the fibre is first removed from the flax plant. Linen manufacturing is a complicated and lengthy process which requires great skill at each stage of production:.
Yarn is a strand composed of fibres, filaments individual fibres of extreme length , or other materials, either natural or man-made, suitable for use in the construction of interlaced fabrics, such as woven or knitted types. The strand may consist of a number of fibres twisted together; a number of filaments grouped together but not twisted; a number of filaments twisted together; a single filament, called a monofilament, either with or without twist; or one or more strips made by dividing a sheet of material, such as paper or metal foil, and either twisted or untwisted. The properties of the yarn employed greatly influence the appearance, texture, and performance of the completed fabric.
Flax , Linum usitatissimum , plant of the family Linaceae , cultivated both for its fibre , from which linen yarn and fabric are made, and for its nutritious seeds, called flaxseed or linseed, from which linseed oil is obtained. Though flax has lost some of its value as a commercial fibre crop owing to the availability of synthetic fibres, flaxseed has grown in popularity as a health food, and flax remains economically significant in a number of countries around the world, including China , Russia , and Canada. Flax is a herbaceous annual. When densely planted for fibre, plants average 0.