For more than five decades, Collins has built a trusted reputation as the leader in Type A school bus manufacturing. With so many seating configurations, consider Collins the answer to your shuttle bus needs. When we introduced our commercial bus line, we knew it had to live up to industry-leading standards we set among school buses. A customizable floor design and innovative interior and exterior storage solutions round out an impressive package of road-tested features. Flexibility is built in to every floorplan we design. Meanwhile, the sturdy roll cage structure maximizes passenger protection by utilizing full-length, interlocking cage stringers and floor beams.
Dear readers! Our articles talk about typical ways to solve the issue of renting industrial premises, but each case is unique.
If you want to know how to solve your particular problem, please contact the online consultant form on the right or call the numbers on the website. It is fast and free!
Volvo Bus chassisVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: India's TOP 10 bus chassis
A bus contracted from omnibus ,  with variants multibus , motorbus , autobus , etc. Buses can have a capacity as high as passengers.
Many types of buses, such as city transit buses and inter-city coaches, charge a fare. Other types, such as elementary or secondary school buses or shuttle buses within a post-secondary education campus do not charge a fare.
In many jurisdictions, bus drivers require a special licence above and beyond a regular driver's licence. Buses may be used for scheduled bus transport , scheduled coach transport , school transport , private hire, or tourism ; promotional buses may be used for political campaigns and others are privately operated for a wide range of purposes, including rock and pop band tour vehicles.
Horse-drawn buses were used from the s, followed by steam buses in the s, and electric trolleybuses in The first internal combustion engine buses, or motor buses, were used in As of the s, bus manufacturing is increasingly globalised , with the same designs appearing around the world. Bus is a clipped form of the Latin adjectival form omnibus "for all" , the dative plural of omnis-e "all". A by-product of his mill was hot water, and thus next to it he established a spa business. In order to encourage customers he started a horse-drawn transport service from the city centre of Nantes to his establishment.
His transport scheme was a huge success, although not as he had intended as most of his passengers did not visit his spa. He turned the transport service into his principal lucrative business venture and closed the mill and spa. Regular intercity bus services by steam-powered buses were pioneered in England in the s by Walter Hancock and by associates of Sir Goldsworthy Gurney , among others, running reliable services over road conditions which were too hazardous for horse-drawn transportation.
The first mechanically propelled omnibus appeared on the streets of London on 22 April In parallel to the development of the bus was the invention of the electric trolleybus, typically fed through trolley poles by overhead wires. The Siemens brothers, William in England and Ernst Werner in Germany, collaborated on the development of the trolleybus concept.
Sir William first proposed the idea in an article to the Journal of the Society of Arts in as an " The first such vehicle, the Electromote , was made by his brother Dr. Ernst Werner von Siemens and presented to the public in in Halensee , Germany. Max Schiemann opened a passenger-carrying trolleybus in near Dresden , in Germany. Although this system operated only until , Schiemann had developed what is now the standard trolleybus current collection system.
In the early days, a few other methods of current collection were used. Leeds and Bradford became the first cities to put trolleybuses into service in Great Britain on 20 June In Siegerland , Germany, two passenger bus lines ran briefly, but unprofitably, in using a six-passenger motor carriage developed from the Benz Viktoria. Daimler also produced one of the earliest motor-bus models in , selling a double-decker bus to the Motor Traction Company which was first used on the streets of London on 23 April With the success and popularity of this bus, Daimler expanded production, selling more buses to companies in London and, in , to Stockholm and Speyer.
The first mass-produced bus model was the B-type double-decker bus , designed by Frank Searle and operated by the London General Omnibus Company — it entered service in , and almost 3, had been built by the end of the decade. General Motors purchased a majority stake in and changed its name to the Yellow Truck and Coach Manufacturing Company.
Models expanded in the 20th century, leading to the widespread introduction of the contemporary recognizable form of full-sized buses from the s. The AEC Routemaster , developed in the s, was a pioneering design and remains an icon of London to this day.
Formats include single-decker bus , double-decker bus both usually with a rigid chassis and articulated bus or 'bendy-bus' the prevalence of which varies from country to country.
High-capacity bi-articulated buses are also manufactured, and passenger-carrying trailers—either towed behind a rigid bus a bus trailer or hauled as a trailer by a truck a trailer bus. Smaller midibuses have a lower capacity and open-top buses are typically used for leisure purposes.
In many new fleets, particularly in local transit systems, a shift to low-floor buses is occurring, primarily for easier accessibility. Coaches are designed for longer-distance travel and are typically fitted with individual high-backed reclining seats, seat belts, toilets, and audio-visual entertainment systems, and can operate at higher speeds with more capacity for luggage.
Coaches may be single- or double-deckers, articulated, and often include a separate luggage compartment under the passenger floor.
Guided buses are fitted with technology to allow them to run in designated guideways, allowing the controlled alignment at bus stops and less space taken up by guided lanes than conventional roads or bus lanes.
Bus manufacturing may be by a single company an integral manufacturer , or by one manufacturer's building a bus body over a chassis produced by another manufacturer.
Transit buses used to be mainly high-floor vehicles. However, they are now increasingly of low-floor design and optionally also 'kneel' air suspension and have electrically or hydraulically extended under-floor ramps to provide level access for wheelchair users and people with baby carriages. Prior to more general use of such technology, these wheelchair users could only use specialist paratransit mobility buses.
Accessible vehicles also have wider entrances and interior gangways and space for wheelchairs. Interior fittings and destination displays may also be designed to be usable by the visually impaired.
Coaches generally use wheelchair lifts instead of low-floor designs. In some countries, vehicles are required to have these features by disability discrimination laws. Buses were initially configured with an engine in the front and an entrance at the rear. With the transition to one-man operation, many manufacturers moved to mid- or rear-engined designs, with a single door at the front or multiple doors.
The move to the low-floor design has all but eliminated the mid-engined design, although some coaches still have mid-mounted engines. Front-engined buses still persist for niche markets such as American school buses, some minibuses, and buses in less developed countries, which may be derived from truck chassis, rather than purpose-built bus designs. Most buses have two axles , articulated buses have three. Guidance can be mechanical, optical, or electromagnetic.
Extensions of the guided technology include the Guided Light Transit and Translohr systems, although these are more often termed 'rubber-tyred trams' as they have limited or no mobility away from their guideways.
Transit buses are normally painted to identify the operator or a route, function, or to demarcate low-cost or premium service buses. Liveries may be painted onto the vehicle, applied using adhesive vinyl technologies, or using decals. Vehicles often also carry bus advertising or part or all of their visible surfaces as mobile billboard. Campaign buses may be decorated with key campaign messages; these can be to promote an event or initiative.
The most common power source since the s has been the diesel engine. Early buses, known as trolleybuses, were powered by electricity supplied from overhead lines. Currently, interest exists in hybrid electric buses , fuel cell buses , electric buses , and ones powered by compressed natural gas or biodiesel.
Gyrobuses , which are powered by the momentum stored by a flywheel , were tried in the s. Early bus manufacturing grew out of carriage coachbuilding , and later out of automobile or truck manufacturers.
Early buses were merely a bus body fitted to a truck chassis. Specialist builders also exist and concentrate on building buses for special uses or modifying standard buses into specialised products. Integral designs have the advantages that they have been well-tested for strength and stability, and also are off-the-shelf. First, it allows the buyer and manufacturer both to shop for the best deal for their needs, rather than having to settle on one fixed design—the buyer can choose the body and the chassis separately.
Second, over the lifetime of a vehicle in constant service and heavy traffic , it will likely get minor damage now and again, and being able easily to replace a body panel or window etc. As with the rest of the automotive industry , into the 20th century, bus manufacturing increasingly became globalized, with manufacturers producing buses far from their intended market to exploit labour and material cost advantages. As with the cars, new models are often exhibited by manufacturers at prestigious industry shows to gain new orders.
Transit buses , used on public transport bus services , have utilitarian fittings designed for efficient movement of large numbers of people, and often have multiple doors. Coaches are used for longer-distance routes. High-capacity bus rapid transit services may use the bi-articulated bus or tram-style buses such as the Wright StreetCar and the Irisbus Civis. Buses and coach services often operate to a predetermined published public transport timetable defining the route and the timing, but smaller vehicles may be used on more flexible demand responsive transport services.
Buses play a major part in the tourism industry. Tour buses around the world allow tourists to view local attractions or scenery.
These are often open-top buses , but can also be regular buses or coaches. In local sightseeing , City Sightseeing is the largest operator of local tour buses, operating on a franchised basis all over the world. Specialist tour buses are also often owned and operated by safari parks and other theme parks or resorts. Longer-distance tours are also carried out by bus, either on a turn up and go basis or through a tour operator , and usually allow disembarkation from the bus to allow touring of sites of interest on foot.
These may be day trips or longer excursions incorporating hotel stays. Tour buses often carry a tour guide, although the driver or a recorded audio commentary may also perform this function. The tour operator may be a subsidiary of a company that operates buses and coaches for other uses or an independent company that charters buses or coaches. Commuter transport operators may also use their coaches to conduct tours within the target city between the morning and evening commuter transport journey.
Buses and coaches are also a common component of the wider package holiday industry, providing private airport transfers in addition to general airport buses and organised tours and day trips for holidaymakers on the package. Tour buses can also be hired as chartered buses by groups for sightseeing at popular holiday destinations. These private tour buses may offer specific stops, such as all the historical sights, or allow the customers to choose their own itineraries.
Tour buses come with professional and informed staff and insurance, and maintain state governed safety standards. Some provide other facilities like entertainment units [ clarification needed ] , luxurious reclining seats, large scenic windows, and even lavatories.
Public long-distance coach networks are also often used as a low-cost method of travel by students or young people travelling the world. Some companies such as Topdeck Travel were set up specifically to use buses to drive the hippie trail or travel to places such as North Africa.
In many tourist or travel destinations, a bus is part of the tourist attraction , such as the North American tourist trolleys , London's AEC Routemaster heritage routes , or the customised buses of Malta, Asia, and the Americas. Another example of tourist stops is the homes of celebrities , such as tours based near Hollywood.
There are several such services between and Hollywood Boulevard in Los Angeles. In some countries, particularly the US and Canada, buses used to transport schoolchildren have evolved into a specific design with specified mandatory features. American states have also adopted laws regarding motorist conduct around school buses, including large fines and possibly prison for passing a stopped school bus in the process of loading or offloading children passengers.
These school buses may have school bus yellow livery and crossing guards. Other countries may mandate the use of seat belts. As a minimum, many countries require a bus carrying students to display a sign , and may also adopt yellow liveries.
Between and VDL will be responsible for all the vehicle-specific modifications. Until prototypes will be developed, built and tested. The order entails an amount of tens of millions of euros. At a later stage VDL may be awarded an order to build over more vehicles. These will be vehicles that are suitable for transport by helicopter. The off-road vehicles will be built in three main variants an infantry vehicle, an ambulance version and a version intended for logistical purposes.
Bus Body Design
Volkswagen sent van fans and aging hippies into a frenzy last fall when it confirmed the retro I. Buzz electric van concept will go into production in But there's another company doing its part to bring the VW Bus back to life in the 21st century—meet Classic Steel Body , an Ohio outfit that will sell you a brand new body shell for rear-engined, air-cooled Volkswagen T1 vans. Everyone knows that the older a car is, the harder it will be to find something usable for a restoration project. This is doubly true for cars with skyrocketing values like the first run of classic VW buses—you're either buying a museum-quality example for a six-figure sum, or you're sourcing a trashed model with rust holes in the floor and entire generations of animals living in the cabin. Classic Steel Body aims to change that by selling these freshly-manufactured steel shells to serve as a flawless base for bus builds.
Gm Bus History
Click here to enlarge. Purchase bus parts with online discount from Alliance Bus Parts. We design, manufacture and deliver industry-leading commercial aircraft, helicopters, military transports, satellites and launch vehicles, as well as providing data services, navigation, secure communications, urban mobility and other solutions for customers on a global scale. Branded the Lifeguard, the new school bus design used Wayne's huge roll-forming presses to make single steel pieces which extended the entire length of the bus body. Wikipedia links are now present for many of the of the companies listed. Bus Body Modularity - Design and Manufacturing 'To achieve more from less' has been the oft-quoted phrase in auto industry for quite some time. The purpose of the Principles is to guide the design of environments, products and communications.
Party Bus Builders. Allow us to introduce the Starline Limo Bus, the future of luxury travel. When we say we are going to be there, we will be. Find more news articles and stories. Start a party bike business. Luxury Limousines. Limo Pricing Guide Focus on value: find the best service at the best price. Mobirise is free, even for commercial use. This is a party bus is the best of the best when it comes to luxurious midsize passenger party buses at a cool 26 passenger capacity, plus extra luggage space for supreme convenience. Take a ride on the 14 passenger Party Bus located in Dayton Ohio specializing in all types of events both personal and business, including wedding ceremonies and receptions, bachelor and bachelorette parties, birthday and anniversary parties, sporting events, and corporate outings.
Though there were attempts by AMW with Magnus, the product was not commercially available for sale. After years of gestation period, we should admit that MAN has hit the sweet spot in the Intercity bus segment. A value multi axle coach is what the big product gap currently in the market and MAN has filled the white space quite neatly with a front engine multi axle chassis.
You Can Buy a Brand-New Classic VW Bus Body for Your Next Crazy Project
Eicher Trucks and Buses, the leading brand of this joint-venture, is driving the Future of Indian Trucking with the next-gen vehicles and innovative support solutions. Built with futuristic engine technology and contemporary design, these buses are manufactured in a state-of-the-art bus building plant at Baggad to deliver a safe ride and best-in-class performance. The dynamic growth of Indian economy is driving the expansion of commercial vehicles into new segments and applications. To cater to this need, Eicher offers fully-built customized solutions for specific applications, which deliver much higher quality standards and productivity levels. Lifetime Support Solutions is an industry-first concept of innovative solutions to partner customers and other stakeholders through the entire life-cycle of the vehicle. It is to ensure a seamless hassle-free experience, from the time customer consider buying an Eicher vehicle to the time they think of selling it. Eicher Sure is a trusted one-stop solution platform that offers ease of selling, exchanging, and purchasing used trucks.
With our expertise and nation-wide resources, you will no longer have to worry about: new bus capital, routing issues, bus breakdowns and the recruitment and training of drivers. We're changing the world one idea at a time. JAC Motors has been a comprehensive automaker with full-line independent brand vehicles in China, including light, medium and heavy-duty trucks, MPV, SRV, sedan, bus chassis, buses, engineering machinery, engines, gearboxes and other key components. General Motors' so-called "new-look" "fishbowl" buses were introduced in and almost immediately made a, er, splash on NYC streets, with selected routes getting them the very next year. After all, the General Motors Company attached more than 20 small car firms. The Florida Panthers announced that the team has entered a partnership with Heritage Werks to archive and share the hockey club's history. These are snug quarters with limited space. Detroit tours are not cookie-cutter or identical - they are custom, one-of-a-kind, jam-packed journeys that will transform your notion of Detroit and leave you thirsting for more knowledge and curious enough to explore on your own. Leadership means far more than holding titles and attending meetings. GE Aviation, an operating unit of GE, is a leading provider of jet and turboprop engines, components and integrated systems for commercial, military, business and general aviation aircraft and has a global service network to support these offerings.
Together we have one vision in mind:. Today, our record-breaking electric bus is revolutionizing the transit industry.
The XLT is the perfect solution for tour operators, senior centers, churches and college sports teams requiring the higher passenger and luggage capacities the small cutaway-style bus cannot handle. Select filters below and then click the Filter Results button to remove non-matching Floorplans and their Specifications. Slide Outs?
City Bus Conversion. The city also has two slow-fill non-public CNG stations for its fleet. School Bus Rules and Consequences The following rules have a potential consequence if not followed of the school bus driver not seeing the student and placing them in danger of being hit by the school bus: Arrive at the bus stop five minutes before the bus is scheduled to come. Van or bus conversion.
Some production involves building bus and coach bodies on separate bus chassis from manufacturers such as Volvo and Scania. Worldwide, Van Hool employs 4, people and manufactures more than 1, buses and coaches bodyworks and complete vehicles combined and 5, trailers each year. It sells an average of coaches annually in the United States.