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Warehouse units container-type gas stations and equipment for them

Storage tanks are containers that hold liquids, compressed gases gas tank; or in U. A "pressure vessel", which is not typically labeled or regulated as a storage tank or mediums used for the short- or long-term storage of heat or cold. The usage of the word tank for reservoirs is uncommon in American English but is moderately common in British English. In other countries, the term tends to refer only to artificial containers. In the USA, storage tanks operate under no or very little pressure, distinguishing them from pressure vessels. Storage tanks are often cylindrical in shape, perpendicular to the ground with flat bottoms, and a fixed flangible or floating roof.

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Storage tank

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ASME container - A container constructed in accordance with the requirements of paragraph b 3 i of this section. Container assembly - An assembly consisting essentially of the container and fittings for all container openings, including shutoff valves, excess flow valves, liquid-level gaging devices, safety relief devices, and protective housing. Containers - All vessels, such as tanks, cylinders, or drums, used for transportation or storing liquefied petroleum gases.

Movable fuel storage tenders or farm carts - Containers not in excess of 1, gallons water capacity, equipped with wheels to be towed from one location of usage to another. They are basically nonhighway vehicles, but may occasionally be moved over public roads or highways. They are used as a fuel supply for farm tractors, construction machinery and similar equipment. Systems - an assembly of equipment consisting essentially of the container or containers, major devices such as vaporizers, safety relief valves, excess flow valves, regulators, and piping connecting such parts.

Vaporizer-burner - an integral vaporizer-burner unit, dependent upon the heat generated by the burner as the source of heat to vaporize the liquid used for dehydrators or dryers. Ventilation, adequate - when specified for the prevention of fire during normal operation, ventilation shall be considered adequate when the concentration of the gas in a gas-air mixture does not exceed 25 percent of the lower flammable limit.

Approved - unless otherwise indicated, listing or approval by a nationally recognized testing laboratory. Refer to All liquefied petroleum gases shall be effectively odorized by an approved agent of such character as to indicate positively, by distinct odor, the presence of gas down to concentration in air of not over one-fifth the lower limit of flammability.

Odorization, however, is not required if harmful in the use of further processing of the liquefied petroleum gas, or if odorization will serve no useful purpose as a warning agent in such use or further processing. The odorization requirement of paragraph b 1 i of this section shall be considered to be met by the use of 1. However, this listing of odorants and quantities shall not exclude the use of other odorants that meet the odorization requirements of paragraph b 1 i of this section.

Each system utilizing DOT containers in accordance with 49 CFR Part shall have its container valves, connectors, manifold valve assemblies, and regulators approved. Each system for domestic or commercial use utilizing containers of 2, gallons or less water capacity, other than those constructed in accordance with 49 CFR Part , shall consist of a container assembly and one or more regulators, and may include other parts. The system as a unit or the container assembly as a unit, and the regulator or regulators, shall be individually listed.

In systems utilizing containers of over 2, gallons water capacity, each regulator, container valve, excess flow valve, gaging device, and relief valve installed on or at the container, shall have its correctness as to design, construction, and performance determined by listing by a nationally recognized testing laboratory. Containers used with systems embodied in paragraphs d , e , g , and h of this section, except as provided in paragraphs e 3 iii and g 2 i of this section, shall be designed, constructed, and tested in accordance with the Rules for Construction of Unfired Pressure Vessels, section VIII, Division 1, American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, edition, which is incorporated by reference as specified in Sec.

Containers constructed according to the and earlier editions of the ASME Code do not have to comply with paragraphs U-2 through U and U thereof. Containers constructed according to paragraph U in the and earlier editions are not authorized. Containers designed, constructed, and tested prior to July 1, , according to the Code for Unfired Pressure Vessels for Petroleum Liquids and Gases, edition with Addenda, of the American Petroleum Institute and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, which is incorporated by reference as specified in Sec.

Paragraphs W to W inclusive in the and earlier editions do not apply. The provisions of paragraph b 3 i of this section shall not be construed as prohibiting the continued use or reinstallation of containers constructed and maintained in accordance with the standard for the Storage and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases NFPA No.

Containers used with systems embodied in paragraph b , d 3 iii , and f of this section, shall be constructed, tested, and stamped in accordance with DOT specifications effective at the date of their manufacture. Welding to the shell, head, or any other part of the container subject to internal pressure, shall be done in compliance with the code under which the tank was fabricated.

Other welding is permitted only on saddle plates, lugs, or brackets attached to the container by the tank manufacturer. Where repair or modification involving welding of DOT containers is required, the container shall be returned to a qualified manufacturer making containers of the same type, and the repair or modification made in compliance with DOT regulations.

Each container covered in paragraph b 3 i of this section, except as provided in paragraph b 3 iv of this section shall be marked as specified in the following:. With a marking identifying compliance with, and other markings required by, the rules of the reference under which the container is constructed; or with the stamp and other markings required by the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors.

With notation as to whether the container is designed for underground or aboveground installation or both. If intended for both and different style hoods are provided, the marking shall indicate the proper hood for each type of installation. With the name and address of the supplier of the container, or with the trade name of the container. With the wording "This container shall not contain a product having a vapor pressure in excess of - p.

With the tare weight in pounds or other identified unit of weight for containers with a water capacity of pounds or less. With marking indicating the maximum level to which the container may be filled with liquid at temperatures between 20 deg. Markings shall be increments of not more than 20 deg. This marking may be located on the liquid level gaging device. Markings specified shall be on a metal nameplate attached to the container and located in such a manner as to remain visible after the container is installed.

When LP-Gas and one or more other gases are stored or used in the same area, the containers shall be marked to identify their content. Containers, and first stage regulating equipment if used, shall be located outside of buildings, except under one or more of the following:. In buildings used exclusively for container charging, vaporization pressure reduction, gas mixing, gas manufacturing, or distribution.

LP-Gas fueled stationary or portable engines in accordance with paragraph e 11 or 12 of this section. Each individual container shall be located with respect to the nearest important building or group of buildings in accordance with Table H In the case of buildings devoted exclusively to gas manufacturing and distributing operations, the distances required by Table H may be reduced provided that in no case shall containers of water capacity exceeding gallons be located closer than 10 feet to such gas manufacturing and distributing buildings.

Readily ignitable material such as weeds and long dry grass shall be removed within 10 feet of any container. The minimum separation between liquefied petroleum gas containers and flammable liquid tanks shall be 20 feet, and the minimum separation between a container and the centerline of the dike shall be 10 feet. The foregoing provision shall not apply when LP-Gas containers of gallons or less capacity are installed adjacent to Class III flammable liquid tanks of gallons or less capacity.

Suitable means shall be taken to prevent the accumulation of flammable liquids under adjacent liquefied petroleum gas containers, such as by diking, diversion curbs, or grading.

When dikes are used with flammable liquid tanks, no liquefied petroleum gas containers shall be located within the diked area. Valves, fittings, and accessories connected directly to the container including primary shutoff valves, shall have a rated working pressure of at least p. Cast iron shall not be used for container valves, fittings, and accessories. This does not prohibit the use of container valves made of malleable or nodular iron. Connections to containers, except safety relief connections, liquid level gaging devices, and plugged openings, shall have shutoff valves located as close to the container as practicable.

Excess flow valves, where required shall close automatically at the rated flows of vapor or liquid as specified by the manufacturer. The connections or line including valves, fittings, etc. Liquid level gaging devices which are so constructed that outward flow of container contents shall not exceed that passed by a No. Openings from container or through fittings attached directly on container to which pressure gage connection is made, need not be equipped with shutoff or excess flow valves if such openings are restricted to not larger than No.

Except as provided in paragraph c 5 i b of this section, excess flow and back pressure check valves where required by this section shall be located inside of the container or at a point outside where the line enters the container; in the latter case, installation shall be made in such manner that any undue strain beyond the excess flow or back pressure check valve will not cause breakage between the container and such valve.

Excess flow valves shall be designed with a bypass, not to exceed a No. Containers of more than 30 gallons water capacity and less than 2, gallons water capacity, filled on a volumetric basis, and manufactured after December 1, , shall be equipped for filling into the vapor space.

Pipe, except as provided in paragraphs e 6 i and g 10 iii , of this section shall be wrought iron or steel black or galvanized , brass, copper, or aluminum alloy. Aluminum Alloy pipe shall be protected against external corrosion when it is in contact with dissimilar metals other than galvanized steel, or its location is subject to repeated wetting by such liquids as water except rain water , detergents, sewage, or leaking from other piping, or it passes through flooring, plaster, masonry, or insulation.

Galvanized sheet steel or pipe, galvanized inside and out, may be considered suitable protection. The maximum nominal pipe size for aluminum pipe shall be three-fourths inch and shall not be used for pressures exceeding 20 p. Aluminum alloy pipe shall not be installed within 6 inches of the ground. Vapor piping with operating pressures not exceeding p.

Vapor piping with operating pressures over p. Pipe shall be at least Schedule 80 if joints are threaded or threaded and back welded. Tubing shall be seamless and of copper, brass, steel, or aluminum alloy. The minimum nominal wall thickness of copper tubing and aluminum alloy tubing shall be as specified in Table H and Table H Aluminum alloy tubing shall be protected against external corrosion when it is in contact with dissimilar metals other than galvanized steel, or its location is subject to repeated wetting by liquids such as water except rainwater , detergents, sewage, or leakage from other piping, or it passes through flooring, plaster, masonry, or insulation.

The maximum outside diameter for aluminum alloy tubing shall be three-fourths inch and shall not be used for pressures exceeding 20 p. Aluminum alloy tubing shall not be installed within 6 inches of the ground.

In systems where the gas in liquid form without pressure reduction enters the building, only heavy walled seamless brass or copper tubing with an internal diameter not greater than three thirty-seconds inch, and a wall thickness of not less than three sixty-fourths inch shall be used.

This requirement shall not apply to research and experimental laboratories, buildings, or separate fire divisions of buildings used exclusively for housing internal combustion engines, and to commercial gas plants or bulk stations where containers are charged, nor to industrial vaporizer buildings, nor to buildings, structures, or equipment under construction or undergoing major renovation.

Pipe joints may be screwed, flanged, welded, soldered, or brazed with a material having a melting point exceeding 1, deg. Joints on seamless copper, brass, steel, or aluminum alloy gas tubing shall be made by means of approved gas tubing fittings, or soldered or brazed with a material having a melting point exceeding 1, deg.

For operating pressures of p. For operating pressures above p. The use of threaded cast iron pipe fittings such as ells, tees, crosses, couplings, and unions is prohibited. Aluminum alloy fittings shall be used with aluminum alloy pipe and tubing. Insulated fittings shall be used where aluminum alloy pipe or tubing connects with a dissimilar metal. Strainers, regulators, meters, compressors, pumps, etc. This does not prohibit the use of malleable, nodular, or higher strength gray iron for such equipment.

All materials such as valve seats, packing, gaskets, diaphragms, etc. All piping, tubing, or hose shall be tested after assembly and proved free from leaks at not less than normal operating pressures. After installation, piping and tubing of all domestic and commercial systems shall be tested and proved free of leaks using a manometer or equivalent device that will indicate a drop in pressure. Test shall not be made with a flame. Provision shall be made to compensate for expansion, contraction, jarring, and vibration, and for settling.

This may be accomplished by flexible connections. Piping outside buildings may be buried, above ground, or both, but shall be well supported and protected against physical damage. Where soil conditions warrant, all piping shall be protected against corrosion. Where condensation may occur, the piping shall be pitched back to the container, or suitable means shall be provided for revaporization of the condensate. Hose shall be fabricated of materials that are resistant to the action of LP-Gas in the liquid and vapor phases.

If wire braid is used for reinforcing the hose, it shall be of corrosion-resistant material such as stainless steel. Hose subject to container pressure shall be designed for a bursting pressure of not less than 1, p. Hose subject to container pressure shall have its correctness as to design construction and performance determined by being listed see

The Krampitz Tanksystem GmbH is a highly specified manufacturer of storage and transport tanks of steel. Our gas-station units are mainly used for the storage of fuel and lubricants as well as a fuel supply diesel, biodiesel, petrol, kerosene, ethanol, bioethanol and vegetable oils for trucks, cars, construction machines, mining machines, diesel locomotives, boats, yachts, airplaines and helicopter. The within a millimetre manufacturing of the products meet not only the normal demands of the plant construction, but also to those of the mechanical engineering.

A filling station is a facility that sells fuel and engine lubricants for motor vehicles. The most common fuels sold in the s are gasoline gasoline or gas in the United States and Canada, generally petrol elsewhere and diesel fuel. Fuel dispensers are used to pump gasoline, diesel, compressed natural gas , CGH2 , HCNG , LPG , liquid hydrogen , kerosene , alcohol fuel like methanol , ethanol , butanol , propanol , biofuels like straight vegetable oil , biodiesel , or other types of fuel into the tanks within vehicles and calculate the financial cost of the fuel transferred to the vehicle. Fuel dispensers are also known as bowsers in some parts of Australia , [1] petrol pumps in most Commonwealth countries or gas pumps in North America.

Krampitz Tanksystem GmbH – Tank container construction

ASME container - A container constructed in accordance with the requirements of paragraph b 3 i of this section. Container assembly - An assembly consisting essentially of the container and fittings for all container openings, including shutoff valves, excess flow valves, liquid-level gaging devices, safety relief devices, and protective housing. Containers - All vessels, such as tanks, cylinders, or drums, used for transportation or storing liquefied petroleum gases. Movable fuel storage tenders or farm carts - Containers not in excess of 1, gallons water capacity, equipped with wheels to be towed from one location of usage to another.

Filling station

Не кажется ли вам странным,-- обратился к нему Ярлан Зей,-- что, хотя небо для нас и открыто, мы пытаемся зарыться поглубже в землю. Это, знаете ли, начало той болезни, закономерное окончание которой вы наблюдаете в своей эпохе. Человечество пытается спрятаться, оно страшится того, что лежит там, в пространстве, и скоро оно накрепко запрет все двери, которые еще ведут во Вселенную. -- Но ведь я только что видел в небе над Диаспаром космические корабли,-- возразил Джизирак.

-- Больше вы их не увидите. Мы уже потеряли контакт со звездами, а очень скоро мы уйдем и с планет Солнечной системы.

Вы уже готовы. Откройте мне свое сознание, как вы уже делали это прежде, и вы ничего не ощутите до тех пор, пока снова не окажетесь в Диаспаре.

Какая ирония во всем. Он бежал из этого мира униженным - но взгляни, какой монумент они воздвигли. Огромная каменная колонна, вероятно, раз в сто превышала человеческий рост; она покоилась на металлическом круге, слегка приподнятом над равниной. Колонна была гладкой и не содержала каких-либо надписей. Сколько тысяч или миллионов лет, подумал Элвин, последователи Учителя собирались здесь, чтобы воздать ему почести. Стало ли им известно, что тот умер в изгнании на далекой Земле.

Теперь это не имело значения. Как Учитель, так и ученики были погребены в забвении. - Выйдем наружу, - настаивал Хилвар, стараясь вывести Элвина из состояния подавленности. - Мы пролетели половину Галактики, чтобы увидеть это место.

И все же выражение в течение всех моих жизней было, если вдуматься, странным. Все эти годы он лишь туманно представлял себе, что именно оно означало; теперь наступило время узнать это. В Диаспаре было много такого, чего он пока не мог уразуметь и во что ему предстояло вникнуть за столетия, простирающиеся перед .

То, что смогла осуществить Природа, смог и Человек - правда, по-своему. Мы не знаем, сколько для этого потребовалось времени. Может быть, миллион лет, - но что с .

Вежливо обратился Элвин к Президенту. - Центральный Компьютер, как я понимаю, одобрил ваши В обычных обстоятельствах такой вопрос выглядел бы бестактным. Совет не обязан был подтверждать свои решения или объяснять, почему он к ним пришел. Но Элвин был в привилегированном положении, поскольку он уже воспринимался как доверенное лицо Центрального Компьютера. Вопрос явно вызвал некоторое затруднение, и ответ был дан очень неохотно.

- Естественно, мы консультировались с Центральным Компьютером. Он предоставил нам решать самим. Элвин ожидал .

Our gas-station units are mainly used for the storage of fuel and lubricants as well as a fuel Our comprehensive licensing programme for our tanks, containers our equipment How does the Krampitz large fuel depot function? One of the main reasons is the large number of new type of energy and fuels for vehicles.

Серанис улыбнулась. Улыбка была приятной и при любых иных обстоятельствах вполне дружелюбной. Но Элвин впервые ощутил за ней подавляющую и неумолимую силу.

- Ты недооцениваешь нас, Элвин, - возразила. - Это будет очень легко.

Земля совершенно беспомощна -- каковой, впрочем, она и была на протяжении миллионов столетий. Джизирак сделал паузу и оглядел оба стола. Никто от его слов в восторг не пришел, да он этого и не ждал.

-- И все же причин для какой-то тревоги я не усматриваю. Земля находится сейчас в опасности не большей, чем она была все это время. С чего бы это, скажите, двум человеческим существам в крохотном космическом корабле вдруг снова навлечь на Землю гнев Пришельцев.

Если мы будем честны сами с собой, то тогда мы должны признать, что Пришельцы могли бы уничтожить наш мир еще Бог знает. Стояла недоброжелательная тишина.

Это была самая настоящая ересь -- и были времена, когда Джизирак сам бы так все это и назвал и предал бы такие взгляды анафеме.

Ему страстно захотелось верить, что Олвин прав, говоря о том, что все это еще можно переменить. И силы и знания все еще находились в распоряжении Человека, и необходима была только воля, чтобы повернуть столетия вспять и заставить океаны вновь катить свои волны. Вода еще была -- там, глубоко под поверхностью.

А если необходимо, то можно создать заводы, которые дадут планете эту воду.

Защита Диаспара, как и все в городе, обеспечивалась машинами. Ночь -- с ее звездным напоминанием обо всем, что оказалось утраченным Человеком -- никогда не простирала своих крыльев над городом. Защищен он был и от бурь, которые иногда бушевали над пустыней, застилая небеса движущимися песчаными стенами. Невидимые часовые, однако, позволили Олвину войти, и, когда Диаспар распростерся перед ним, он понял, что все-таки вернулся именно домой.

Уже годы я думаю о том. Но все равно это кажется фантастикой. - Эту систему, может быть, создал не Человек, - согласился Хилвар, - но она сотворена разумом. Природа никогда не смогла бы сформировать столь идеальный круг из звезд равного блеска.

Тот был на три четверти пуст. Поддавшись внезапному импульсу, он удвоил размеры уже созданного наброска и сместил его к центру картины.

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