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WO1995018776A1 - Brick making additive - Google PatentsVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: CONVERTING STARCH INTO SUGAR EXPLAINED
It is primarily a maturing agent but also has some bleaching action. Acid Salt A dry, granular white crystal that dissolves in water before acting as an acid. The acid salt reacts chemically with the bicarbonate to release CO2 gas. The type of acid salt used in the baking powder can determine the rate of gas release. Acid Value It is the number of milligrams of potassium hydroxide required to neutralize free fatty acids present in 1 g of the fat, and is an indication of the extent of free fatty acids present in an oil or fat.
Acidic pH of less than 7. Acid ingredients react with bases to form salts and water. They have a sour taste. A chemical compound that yields hydrogen ions when in solution. Active Oxygen Method A method for measuring the stability of fats and oils by bubbling air through the heated materials and measuring the formation of peroxides.
Additive An ingredient added to flour to improve its baking properties or shelf life. Aerate, Aeration To whip, sift or beat air between particles, as with flour, confectioners sugar, or sugar and butter. Aeration Fat The process of incorporation of minute air bubbles in hydrogenated fat; also known as creaming process. Agave nectar An amber, caloric liquid sweetener, with a low glycemic index, that is made from the core of the succulent agave plant available in two distinct varieties: Light and Amber.
Albumen A class of protein, present in egg, that can be dissolved in water and is coagulable by heat. Aleurone Layer A botanical term denoting the proteinaceous cellular layer which envelopes the endosperm and separates it from the bran or seed of the wheat kernel. Alkaline pH greater than 7. Alkalis such as baking soda bicarbonate of soda neutralize acids and react with acidic ingredients as a leavener. Alkalis have an excess of hydroxyl ions when in solution. Alveograph A dough testing instrument that measures the resistance to deformation and extensibility of a clamped disc-shaped piece of dough, by forming a bubble, by means of air pressure applied from below the test piece at a constant temperature.
Amaranth flour Milled from amaranth seeds, it combines well with other flours for smooth-textured quick breads. It has an assertive flavor and especially complements savory breads or pastries. Its lack of gluten means it must be combined with wheat flour in yeast breads. Ammonium Bicarbonate A white powder which on heating vields ammonia gas, carbon dioxide gas and water vapour. It is used in biscuit manufacture as a chemical aerating agent. It leaves no residue in the baked product and.
Amylase An enzyme that, in the presence of water, converts large molecules of starch to sugar maltose units. Amylograph An instrument that measures the consistency or viscosity of a slurry of starchy flour and water as it is heated through a pre-determined cycle. The viscosity is measured by the resistance that the slurry offers to a mixing paddle.
It is used to measure the amylase activity of flours. Antioxidants Naturally-occuring substances or synthetic chemical compounds which can retard the development of oxidative rancidity in fats and fat-containing foodstuffs. Sugar and lecithin are examples of natural antioxidants, while butylated hydroxy-anisole BHA , butylated hydroxy toluene BHT and dodecyl gallate are examples of chemical antioxidants. Antistaling Agents Substances such as sodium stearate, polyoxyethylene monostearate and glyceryl mono stearate GMS , that retard the staling of baked products.
Artificial Sweetener Non-nutritive contain no nutrients , high-intensity sugar substitutes Artisan Skilled craftsman or trade; baker who produces bread or bakery goods using production methods that are part hand-made. Often refers to European crusty breads or low-ratio cakes and desserts. Ascorbic Acid Vitamin C A naturally occuring vitamin that is used in the baking industry as an improving agent. Its overall effect on the physical properties of dough depend both on its oxidizing and reducing actions.
Ash Content The amount of incombustible residue, left after incinerating a weighed amount of a material and expressed as percentage. Bake Cooking food in dry heat, especially in an oven. Bake Test A test designed to show the baking properties of flour when subjected to the parameters of bulk production, and carried out under controlled conditions. Baking Loss The loss of mass in a product as a result of baking. In the case of non fermented products, the difference in mass between the dough or batter from the moment when it is put in the oven and when it emerges as a baked product.
This includes the loss of fat to the baking sheet or tin. Baking mix A combination of pre-measured baking dry ingredients Ex: flours, meal, leavening, sugars, salt, spices. Baking Powder A balanced mixture of sodium bicarbonate and an acid. Baking powders when moistened and heated produce a leavening gas in batters and doughs. They should leave only tasteless, harmless residues. The acid substances commonly used are tartaric acid, cream of tartar, calcium acidphosphate, sodium acid pyrophosphate, and sodium aluminium phosphate.
Baking sheet A sheet of metal that is rigid and is used for baking cookies, breads, biscuits, etc. It usually has one or more edges that is turned up for ease in removing from the oven. Types include shiny, heavy-gauge aluminum, the standard used in most test kitchens for even baking and browning. Darkened, heavy-gauge pans will produce especially crisp exterior crusts desired for specialty baked goods. Insulated baking sheets are two sheets of aluminum with air space between, and are especially good for soft cookies or tender-crust breads or rolls.
Also, see Cookie sheet, Insulated bakeware, and Jelly roll pan glossary listings. Baking soda A base, alkaline in nature, formed when sodium carbonate purified form of mineral trona is mixed with carbon dioxide and water to form sodium bicarbonate. Baking soda is the source of CO2 gas in leavening systems. It neutralizes acids in the batter, adjusting the final pH of baked goods. Baking soda is not the same as baking powder.
Barbados sugar Also known as muscovado sugar. A British specialty brown sugar; it is very dark brown and has a strong molasses flavor. Barley flour A low-gluten flour made from hulled barley. It imparts a sweet taste, moisture, and relative lightness to cakes, cookies, and quick breads. Batch One recipe of a dough or batter, such as bread or cookies.
Beat Making a smooth mixture by whipping or stirring with a wire whisk, spoon, beater or electric mixer. Bench The counter or surface bakers use to work with dough. Bench Time Allowing yeast dough 5 to 15 minutes resting time after fermentation, punching, dividing and before shaping to allow gluten to relax. Benzoyl Peroxide A chemical powder that is added to flour in small quantities for its beneficial bleaching action. Bind To thicken or smooth out the consistency of a liquid.
Biscuits A term generally used for that bakery product which is made from a dough which is sheeted, cut and baked immediately there- after to a low moisture. Blend To mix two or more ingredients together with a spoon, whisk, electric mixer, blender, or processor. Blending Capacity The ability or capacity of a flour to carry proportion of low quality flour and still produce bread of satisfactory quality.
Braid To weave together three or more long pieces of dough. Bran The outer layers of a kernel of grain that lie just below the hull. About Bran is used in baked goods and cereals to add dietary fiber and nutrients. Look for bread flour that is enriched — as indicated on the ingredient label.
Bread-Making The overall process of converting flour into bread which generally consists of different stages like mixing, fermentation, dough make-up, proofing and baking. Brew A mixture of water, yeast, yeast nutrients and varying amounts of flour used in some bread-making processes. Brimac Process A bread-making process developed at the Bread Research Institute of Australia which uses mechanical action mixing to develop the dough to optimum physical state.
Brown To give a cooked surface to a food such as meat or flour by applying high heat. Also occurs during baking and roasting. Brown Sugar Sugar crystals coated in a molasses syrup with natural flavor and color. May be produced by boiling a special molasses syrup until brown sugar crystals form, then centrifuging the crystals until dry.
Brownie A dense, chewy, cake-like cookie that is generally chocolate-flavored and colored hence the name and cut in bar shapes to serve. Buckiness A term used in baking technology to describe doughs that are too soft or too elastic for proper handling. Buckling A defect which causes the crackers to warp during baking generally resulting in raised centres.
Buckwheat flour A gluten-free flour made by grinding hulled buckwheat seeds. It is not a relative of wheat. Originating in Russia, buckwheat has a distinctive flavor and is used in pancakes and some baked goods, such as multi-grain breads.
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RAMON - Reference And Management Of Nomenclatures
All rights reserved. If you have trouble accessing this page due to disability, please contact contactgtap purdue. What do we check? If you came here for the 57 sector listing, please look here. Other Crops: stimulant; spice and aromatic crops; forage products; plants and parts of plants used primarily in perfumery, pharmacy, or for insecticidal, fungicidal or similar purposes; beet seeds excluding sugar beet seeds and seeds of forage plants; natural rubber in primary forms or in plates, sheets or strip, living plants; cut flowers and flower buds; flower seeds, unmanufactured tobacco; other raw vegetable materials nec. Other Animal Products: swine; poultry; other live animals; eggs of hens or other birds in shell, fresh; reproductive materials of animals; natural honey; snails, fresh, chilled, frozen, dried, salted or in brine, except sea snails; edible products of animal origin n. Fishing: hunting, trapping and game propagation including related service activities, fishing, fish farms; service activities incidental to fishing.
Molasses is a secondary product of processing of corn, sugar beet or cane in order to obtain granulated sugar. Many people underestimate molasses as a product. Nevertheless, no confectionery or bakery production can do without it. Often molasses is required even for home baking, not to mention industrial scale. But not everyone knows where molasses is used, what it generally is and how it is obtained. The following describes the main types of molasses, and in short - the technology of its production. The basis of any kind of this product is starch. With it begins the production of molasses.
To browse Academia. Skip to main content. You're using an out-of-date version of Internet Explorer. Log In Sign Up. Silence Wisher. Anil Lathian, Mohit Petro chemical P. Ltd, Bijnor, U. Again and over I salute the titanic heart. I also express my earnest gratitude to Mr. Ltd, Bijnor, and U.
Sugar Confectionery and Chocolate Manufacture
We took a lot of care in creating our packaging. Sugar glass also called candy glass, edible glass, and breakaway glass is a brittle transparent form of sugar that looks like glass. Age statements are beginning to appear on rum bottles, something that has caused quite a stir in an industry where such details have historically been left up to the distiller or blender. Bagasse sugarcane What is bagasse? Bagasse is the name for the residual fibers that remain after the squeezing of sugarcanes at the sugar production. Add to cart.
Sugar beet molasses (molasses). Molasses in animal feeding
Nov 5 Orders issued at Hanover addressed to the Magistrates May 31 9o 1. Memorial presented by the Maltese Deputies to Lord Hobart.
Carbon and Water. Note the significance of the name carbo-hydrates as applied to them. Sucrose, the principal member of the first class, is obtained from the juice of the maple, the palm, the beet and the sugarcane; in Europe largely from the beet, in America from cane. Granulated sugar is that which has been refined; brown sugar is the unrefined.
This invention relates to a starch-derived additive for use in making bricks and the like- In the manufacture of bricks, roof tiles, floor tiles, etc. These are generally supplied "as dug" and can contain varying amounts of moisture. The soft mud-like product is then extruded or otherwise shaped, dried and then fired to produce the finished article.
Cleanliness is well provided for; in some of the jails there are bathing rooms. To each jail belong as well under as outer clothing, but the prisoners are permitted to wear their own clothes when they are suitable. Twice a day — half an hour in the forenoon, and half an hour in the afternoon — the prisoners are led out to take exercise in the court-yard, which is separated from that of the jailer.