Cotton is a vegetable fibre extracted from the seedpods or bolls, harvested from a specific number of species belonging to the Gossypium genus — species that have evolved to have hairy seeds and have subsequently been domesticated. It is normally used in the form of a staple-spun yarn. All Gossypium species produce seed capsules that contain seeds with unicellular hairs, technically known as trichomes. However in most wild species the epidermal layer of seed has only short fibres called linters or fuzz, just mm long, which are tightly attached to the seed surface.
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Mercerized Cotton YarnVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: DIY Weaving - How To Make Everything: Suit (5/10)
Yarn is a strand composed of fibres, filaments individual fibres of extreme length , or other materials, either natural or man-made, suitable for use in the construction of interlaced fabrics, such as woven or knitted types.
The strand may consist of a number of fibres twisted together; a number of filaments grouped together but not twisted; a number of filaments twisted together; a single filament, called a monofilament, either with or without twist; or one or more strips made by dividing a sheet of material, such as paper or metal foil, and either twisted or untwisted.
The properties of the yarn employed greatly influence the appearance, texture, and performance of the completed fabric. Fibres are units of matter having length at least times their diameter or width. Fibres suitable for textile use possess adequate length, fineness, strength, and flexibility for yarn formation and fabric construction and for withstanding the intended use of the completed fabric. Other properties affecting textile fibre performance include elasticity, crimp waviness , moisture absorption, reaction to heat and sunlight, reaction to the various chemicals applied during processing and in the dry cleaning or laundering of the completed fabric, and resistance to insects and microorganisms.
The wide variation of such properties among textile fibres determines their suitability for various uses. The first fibres available for textile use were obtained from plant and animal sources. Over a long period of experimentation with the many natural fibres available, cotton , wool , jute , flax , and silk became recognized as the most satisfactory. The commercial development of man-made fibres began late in the 19th century, experienced much growth during the s, expanded rapidly after World War II , and is still the subject of extensive research and development.
This group includes regenerated fibres, such as rayon , made from fibre-forming materials already existing in nature and manipulated into fibrous form, and synthetic fibres , with the fibre-forming substance produced from chemicals derived from such sources as coal and oil and then made into such fibres as nylon and polyester. The cost of fibres is determined by availability, the kind and amount of processing required, and their versatility. Natural fibres usually require extensive land area for their production, are affected by climatic conditions, and must frequently be transported long distances to the point of manufacture.
Because quantity and quality are not easily controlled, prices tend to fluctuate. Research has been directed toward improving various properties during the manufacturing processes.
Man-made fibres can usually be produced near the point of use; their production does not require large land areas; they can be manufactured quickly, in desired quantities, with specific built-in properties; and they require little advance preparation for conversion to yarn.
Initial costs are high because of the production equipment employed, but prices tend to be stable and may be reduced as production expands. Research has been directed toward improving the properties of man-made fibres and developing types suitable for specific purposes. Although the major natural fibres continue to dominate the textile industry , production and consumption of synthetic fibres are growing.
Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Load Previous Page. Production of yarn Yarn is a strand composed of fibres, filaments individual fibres of extreme length , or other materials, either natural or man-made, suitable for use in the construction of interlaced fabrics, such as woven or knitted types.
Textile fibres Raw materials Fibres are units of matter having length at least times their diameter or width. Load Next Page. More About. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.
December 17 Page 2. The Ministers will not lose sight of the fact that the efforts which are to be made in the trade field imply continuing efforts to maintain orderly conditions and to establish a durable and equitable monetary system. And natural gas is not the only source of hydrogen to make ammonia, the basic constituent of nitrogenous fertilizers. For the United States with its large coal reserves, ammonia in the future might economically come as a byproduct from the coal gas derived from production of coke for fuel. Senator Humphrey, I would like to simply add that we have brought with us two charts.
Shanghai Spinners: Pioneers of Hong Kong’s industrialization, 1947-1955
Please fill in your details to download the Table of Contents of this report for free. We also do customization of these reports so you can write to us at mi fibre2fashion. Global economic crisis created a haze affecting the commercial benefits of the businesses. While the mist is still clearing showing positive signs of hope, increasing cotton yarn prices is creating new hassles.
Production of yarn
The objectives of this study are to define, segment, and project the size of the cotton yarn winding machine market based on company, product type, end-user and key regions. The analysis offers strategies and analyzes global cotton yarn winding machine market delivers an extensive investigation of price, revenue and gross margin, product range. Additionally, it covers its growth prospects within the forecast years and cotton yarn winding machine market landscape. Even the report provides statistics charts and statistics that help analyze trends and global cotton yarn winding machine market share and the industry growth rate. The report gives an evident insight about the cotton yarn winding machine segments which can be anticipated to alter the market within the future. It constraints and offers details about few tendencies influencing the cotton yarn winding machine economy accentuates the consequence of drivers that are different. The report also points out the current trends in the market and the various convenience for the market to grow in the near forthcoming year.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: How to Harvesting Wool - Amazing Sheep Factory - Wool Processing Mill
This report classifies the global Recycled Cotton Yarn breakdown information by manufacturers, region, type and application, additionally analyses the market status, market share, rate of growth, future trends, market drivers, opportunities and challenges, risks and entry barriers, sales channels, distributors and Porter's 5 Forces Analysis. The following key players are covered in Recycled Cotton Yarn report, with sales, revenue, market share for each company:. Report further studies the Recycled Cotton Yarn market development status and future trend across the world. Also, it splits Recycled Cotton Yarn market by type and by applications to fully and deeply research and reveal market profile and prospects. Geographically, this report is segmented into several key regions, with sales, revenue, market share and growth Rate of Recycled Cotton Yarn in these regions, from to , covering. This Recycled Cotton Yarn market report is an essential resource for top-line data and analysis covering the emerging Recycled Cotton Yarn market. Includes market size data, textual and graphical analysis of market growth trends and leading companies.
Asian Textile Studies
Clothes need to go through four manufacturing processes: spinning, weaving, dyeing and sawing. Spinning is the first step, for instance to make cotton into cotton yarn. Weaving comes next. With either knitting or weaving, we can have either knitted or weaved greige fabric.
China Industrial Production: Yarn: Cotton Yarn
Information on sewing thread, its production as well as the market. Sewing thread is not to be confused with embroidery yarn. Thread is a tightly twisted strand of two or more plys of yarn that are circular when cut in cross section. It is used for hand sewing and in home sewing machines. Ninety-five percent of all sewing thread that is manufactured is used in commercial and industrial sewing. Sewing thread is distinguished from yarn by the fact that thread is used to sew together garments or other products, but yarn is the collection of fibers used to weave or knit into a textile fabric. The terms are confusing and are often used interchangeably; thread can be made of yarn, but yarn is not made of threads.
Menu Toggle navigation Brand. The Cotton Yarn Market is continuously growing across the world over the coming years. A yarn is created by interlocking fibers in continuous length, it is mainly used in the textile production, knitting, sewing, weaving, ropemaking and embroidery etc. One of the types of yarn is thread which is commonly used for sewing.
This records a decrease from the previous number of 1, The data reached an all-time high of 2, BA: Industrial Production.
During the troubled years of the war against Japan, most of the Chinese industrial base concentrated in Shanghai was lost. Despite being a British colony, Hong Kong had not built a relevant textile industry before. Reference: South China Textiles Ltd. Braga : Hong Kong Business Symposium.
ASTM's textile standards provide the specifications and test methods for the physical, mechanical, and chemical properties of textiles, fabrics, and cloths, as well as the natural and artificial fibers that constitute them. The textiles covered by these standards are commonly formed by weaving, knitting, or spinning together fibers such as glass fiber strands, wool and other animal fibers, cotton and other plant-derived fibers, yarn, sewing threads, and mohair, to name a few. These textile standards help fabric and cloth designers and manufacturers in testing textiles to ensure acceptable characteristics towards proper end-use.