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Plant manufacture yarn produced by the flax industry

Plant manufacture yarn produced by the flax industry

About Linen. Linen is yarn, and fabric made from flax fibres. Before linen is produced, the fibre is first removed from the flax plant. Linen manufacturing is a complicated and lengthy process which requires great skill at each stage of production:.

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Flax in West Coast Fibersheds: Updates from Field to Mill

VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Flax Mill - Scutching and Linen Production

There are probably many items of clothing within your wardrobe that are made of linen — but how much do you actually know about it? This article will give you all of the essential information that you need to know and answer some of your burning questions like "How is linen fabric made? The history of linen can be traced right back to the Ancient Egyptians, who valued linen so much that they even used it as currency.

Linen was only usually worn and used by those in the upper classes, and this continued to be true when the Greeks started using linen. The Hugenots eventually brought linen manufacturing over to England and Northern Ireland — and since then, linen has been made all over the world.

Just like cotton fabric, linen is made from a natural source — a plant. Linen is created from the fibres that naturally grow as part of the flax plant, a plat that grows all over the world. The production process is quite simple, which is why linen has been used for so long, but more modern techniques have been adopted in many places. The fibres first have to be naturally degraded from the plant. This is achieved through "retting". This is a process which uses bacteria to decompose the pectin that binds the fibres together.

Natural retting usually takes place in tanks and pools, or directly in the fields. There are also chemical retting methods; these are faster, but are typically more harmful to the environment and to the fibres themselves. After retting, the stalks are ready for "scutching". This removes the woody portion of the stalks by crushing them between two metal rollers. Scutching takes place between August and December. The waste that will not go into fabric manufacture, will be put towards other uses, such as linseed oil.

I love fabrics where the production produces zero waste - i. Then the fibres are "heckled", basically combed, out into long streams of natural material. The fibres will then be spun into yarns which can then be woven to create a natural fabric that we all know as linen. You can find out more about the five stages of production here at the Irish Genealogy Toolkit. One of the most fabulous things about linen is that the natural colour is incredibly beautiful.

Depending on how the natural fibres of the flax plant are treated, the colour of linen is creamy white or light tan — but linen also holds dye colour very well, which makes them perfect for many different colours. Although linen does not have a very natural elasticity, it is incredibly breathable, making it the perfect material for clothes that are going to be worn in hot and humid weather.

The feeling of linen has been described as coarse, but that is often dependent on the way that the yarn has been woven. Linen is a fabulous fabric, and it has a huge number of advantages. For a start, linen is a totally sustainable fabric if the flax plants are cared for properly.

Linen is very breathable, which means that those who struggle with keeping cool absolutely love linen clothes. On the other hand, because of the way that it is created, linen can end up being rather expensive.

The yarn of linen can sometimes break if the material is folded along the same point over and over again, causing permanent creases. There are many different environmental benefits of linen, and many of them will surprise people. For a start, because linen is created from a totally natural material, it is completely biodegradable, which means that when someone has finished with a piece of linen, it does not sit in a landfill site, one of the biggest causes of global warming.

However, because linen is derived from a natural material, it is essential that those that grow flax do not use pesticides or other horrible chemicals within the fields where they grow their flax. Linen can be certified organic, and if it is not, it can have the same damaging environmental effects as non-organic cotton. I hope you've enjoyed this short article about linen, and that some of your questions about what linen is and where it has come from have been answered.

And of course, I couldn't go without saying that if you're looking for linen fabrics, then please do have a look on Offset Warehouse! If you'd like to read more of these articles, then please do sign up to our monthly newsletter , where I round up all the latest posts. Charlie Bradley Ross Monday, 26 January

Register Now. Linen fabric is made from the cellulose fibers that grow inside of the stalks of the flax plant, or Linum usitatissimum, one of the oldest cultivated plants in human history. Such fabrics generally also have their own specific names, for example, fine cotton yarn in a linen-style weave is called Madapolam.

Flax , Linum usitatissimum , plant of the family Linaceae , cultivated both for its fibre , from which linen yarn and fabric are made, and for its nutritious seeds, called flaxseed or linseed, from which linseed oil is obtained. Though flax has lost some of its value as a commercial fibre crop owing to the availability of synthetic fibres, flaxseed has grown in popularity as a health food, and flax remains economically significant in a number of countries around the world, including China , Russia , and Canada. Flax is a herbaceous annual. When densely planted for fibre, plants average 0. Plants cultivated for seed are shorter and many-branched. The leaves , alternating on the stalk, are small and lance-shaped.

What is Linen Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where

Flax Linum usitatissimum , also known as common flax or linseed, is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae. It is a food and fiber crop cultivated in cooler regions of the world. Textiles made from flax are known in the Western countries as linen , and traditionally used for bed sheets, underclothes, and table linen. Its oil is known as linseed oil. In addition to referring to the plant itself, the word "flax" may refer to the unspun fibers of the flax plant.

What is Linen Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where

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Linen has exceptional properties thanks to nature, its composition and the structure of the flax fibers.

This humble plant is amazingly versatile, whether it's used in food, drying oil for oil paintings or in textiles, otherwise known as "linen". You might have noticed that linen is experiencing something of a renaissance at the moment and it's no wonder. Clothing made from this fibre has incredible drape, breathability and is cool to wear in the summer heat. Not only that: flax doesn't require pesticides to grow, making it one of the most eco-friendly fibres you can use. Did you know that it is times stronger and smoother than cotton too? There are so many reasons to try linen this summer. In today's blog post, I will be exploring how linen yarn is made, from field to fibre to yarn. I hope that it encourages you to experiment with this fantastic fibre yourself!

Production

Linen is a flax-based textile that is predominantly used for homeware applications. While linen is similar to cotton, it is made from fibers derived from the stems of the flax plant instead of the bolls that grow around cotton seeds. Garments made of linen are desirable in hot and humid climates. Unlike cotton, which tends to retain moisture for a significant period of time, linen dries quickly, which helps reduce heat retention in overly warm conditions.

We see its ecological consciousness throughout the industry. Mechanical activities are a part of each operation in its transformation — scutching, combing, spinning, weaving. Counting all stages of production, the European linen industry is made up of 10, companies in 14 countries of the EU : a network of interactive professionnals — growers, scutchers, spinners, weavers, knitters, finishers, traders.

Despite competition from China, India and the countries of Central Asia, textile production in Belarus is the largest in Eastern Europe and among the largest in Europe. It constitutes one of the biggest branches in Belarus over enterprises apart from man-made and flax processing plants. Manufacturing of fibres is an important traditional activity. The cultivation of flax, raw material for the production of linen, presents a competitive advantage of Belarusian industry. The demand of linen, an ecological textile with small ecological footprint, is constantly increasing in the Western world. Apart from the production of linen fibres, Belarus has a long tradition in the manufacturing of man-made fibres. The first viscose fibres were manufactured in Mogilev in , polyester and polyamide fibres are being manufactured since Nowadays, Belarus manufactures all types of natural cotton, wool, flax and manmade fibres for textile and technical yarns.

Flax (Linum usitatissimum) is a bast fibre plant cultivated for the production of from flax has focused on long fibres for use in the manufacture of linen yarns.

LINEN TYPE SPINNING

Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant, Linum usitatissimum L. Common flax was one of the earliest domesticated plants. A cousin of hemp, cannabis sativa L. Today, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Spain, Russia, Egypt and China are the foremost producers of flax for commercial textile purposes. Flax is one of the oldest fiber crops in the world. It was used by the ancient Egyptians, Romans, Greeks and Hebrews for food, clothing and medicine. The use of flax fiber in the manufacturing of cloth in northern Europe dates back to Neolithic times. In North America, flax was introduced by the Puritans, and today has become an essential commercial crop grown throughout the Midwest.

How is Linen Yarn Made?

Technically, linen is a vegetable. Linen fabric is made from the cellulose fibers that grow inside of the stalks of the flax plant, or Linum usitatissimum, one of the oldest cultivated plants in human history. Flax is an annual plant, which means it only lives for one growing season. From seed-planting, it is ready to be harvested in about a hundred days. Unless the weather is particularly warm and dry, flax requires little watering or attention during this time. It grows to about three or four feet tall, with glossy bluish-green leaves and pale blue flowers, though on rare occasions, the flowers bloom red. Flax is cultivated around the world not only for its fine, strong fibers, but also for its seeds, which are rich in nutrients such as dietary fiber and omega-3 fatty acids. Flax oil is also a popular drying oil amongst oil painters.

LINEN TYPE SPINNING

Linen is laborious to manufacture, but the fiber is very strong, absorbent, and dries faster than cotton. Garments made of linen are valued for their exceptional coolness and freshness in hot and humid weather. This word history has given rise to a number of other terms in English, most notably line , from the use of a linen flax thread to determine a straight line.

Series on Fibres: How Is Linen Fabric Made?

Bast fibers have been highly regarded for beautiful, durable textiles throughout history and into the modern era. This series examines and documents a range of bast fibers, which derive from the tissue in the outer layer of certain plant stems, including those of flax, hemp, nettle, and dogbane. In the plant, the hollow fibers transport dissolved sugars and lend structural support for the stem. In textiles, the fibers provide strength and many other unique properties.

There are probably many items of clothing within your wardrobe that are made of linen — but how much do you actually know about it? This article will give you all of the essential information that you need to know and answer some of your burning questions like "How is linen fabric made? The history of linen can be traced right back to the Ancient Egyptians, who valued linen so much that they even used it as currency.

Advanced Search. From the mids until the s, fields of blue-flowering flax flourished in the fertile Willamette Valley to support the only flax industry in the United States. The soil and climate were perfect for growing superior flax, and the plants were transformed into lustrous linen yarn and fabrics.

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