Buffaloes are, like cattle, ruminants. This means that they utilize micro-organisms in the rumen to digest the feed. The feed eaten by ruminants are mainly of vegetable origin. The ruminant is an expert in converting cellulose and other fibrous materials into high quality milk and meat.
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Non Acidic DrinksVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: 25 PLASTIC BOTTLE HACKS THAT WILL BLOW YOUR MIND
Frozen juice concentrates are important ingredients in the manufacture of all types of beverages as well as many foods. Though the retail frozen juice concentrate business has shrunk considerably in the past two decades, mainly due to consumer desire for convenience, a concept much better served by ready-to-drink options, frozen juice concentrates are important ingredients in the manufacture of all types of beverages as well as many foods. This includes dairy products such as ice cream and yogurt, pies and pastries, dressings and sauces, jams and jellies, and various candies.
With super- and exotic-fruits grown in tropical regions on the other side of the world from where the consumer base is located, it makes economic sense to ship concentrates and reconstitute them with local, inexpensive water at a bottling plant.
For example, the popular category of coconut water relies on imported product harvested from fully ripened coconuts, the source of desirable electrolytes. To make, freeze and store frozen coconut water concentrate does require extra energy; however, it takes more than 18 ocean containers to transport single-strength coconut water versus one container for coconut water concentrate.
From an environmental standpoint, it is best to import coconut water concentrate and to reconstitute coconut water immediately prior to packaging. If all juices were sold as not-from-concentrate beverages or ingredients, an excessive amount of fruits and vegetables would go to waste because of spoilage issues. It all began with oranges During World War II, there was a need for long-shelf life orange juice and other processed fruits.
Not much has changed from to today in terms of the actual concentrates. Over the years the retail package changed, from metal cans requiring a can opener to plastic containers with an easy tear-strip. The quality and the reconstitution directions of adding water at either a three-to-one or four-to-one ratio, depending on the product, have remained constant.
When fruits and vegetables reach their ripening point, they are harvested and prepared for the juice extraction process. They are mechanically peeled, and if applicable, cored, to remove pieces not used in the juice-making process.
The meat of the fruit or vegetable gets pressed and squeezed into the first-stage juice. This juice then undergoes a series of filtering steps to remove extraneous matter such as seeds and some pulp. With some fruits and vegetables, compounds that get filtered are added back to the juice in order to provide a more condensed version of the natural product.
The next-to-the final step of conversion to a concentrate involves a heat treatment that evaporates nearly all of the water, which results in a thick and flavorful slurry. This concentrated juice then becomes more potent through reverse osmosis.
The final product get packaged, frozen and placed into distribution. The process does not introduce any harmful ingredients into the juice or reduce its nutritional value; however, some retail frozen juice concentrates will contain additives to maintain color, flavor and nutritional content. Curry-Swedberg said. Manufacturers use the specification to determine their desired dilution rate. This product is process standardized to ensure continuity of quality and contains no added sugars, acid, colors or preservatives.
Pure coconut water concentrate is a unique product, as it has one of the highest volume-reduction ratios: Shipping concentrate vs. In addition, coconut water concentrate makes it possible for products to be packaged in the United States by responsible domestic packagers, said Mr. A recent white paper released by his company shows many offshore packers add undeclared sugar and even preservatives to ready-to-drink coconut water.
Domestic packers might be far more responsible to adherence of regulatory, quality, labeling and safety compliance as well as being aware of the high level of competitive scrutiny. Indeed, juice concentrates do come with their own set of regulations.
Beyond frozen concentrates Beverage concentrates, including those made from fruits and vegetables, come in forms other than frozen. Sold refrigerated or at ambient temperature, the concentrates are becoming increasingly popular among consumers, as they allow for beverage customization while appealing to consumers because of their small footprint and ease of use.
For example, family-owned Brownwood Acres Foods Inc. The product is distributed at ambient temperature and must be refrigerated after opening. It will last six months in the refrigerator and may be safely frozen for up to a year. We suggest diluting two tablespoons in a cup of water.
Wild Blueberry comes in pint bottles. This is 32 tablespoons, each a serving to be diluted in 8 oz of water. One tablespoon is equal to the fruit juice from more than one cup of fresh blueberries. For example, Chameleon Cold-Brew was born in in Austin, Texas, when Chris Campbell and fellow coffee connoisseur and co-founder, Steve Williams, experimented for months until they felt they had brewed the perfect cup of coffee. Campbell, president and chief executive officer, of the namesake company.
The result is a super smooth, less acidic, highly caffeinated coffee, which can be enjoyed hot or cold. Campbell said. From single-serve stick packs to multi-serve canisters, powdered drink mixes are a convenient, flavorful way to refresh and rehydrate. Sold and stored at ambient temperature, when added to liquid, in most instances to water, but sometimes milk or juice, consumers expect these dried mixes to readily dissolve, yielding a delicious and sometimes colorful beverage. The powdered drink mix category is diverse, with the varying products merchandised throughout a retail store.
The category includes everything from fruity drinks and iced tea to cappuccino and hot cocoa. Each of these categories has its own set of formulation considerations, with considerations varying by packaging type. For example, with multi-serve canisters, the product must be homogeneous so that when the consumer opens the container, ingredients are evenly dispersed without noticeable settling or separation, as a non-homogenous spoonful or scoop prevents the consumer from mixing up a desirable beverage.
To ensure homogeneity, the ingredients must be properly dried to be uniform in particle size and free flowing. This prevents clumping and caking. Particle size is less important in pre-measured packs, such as those designed to make a quart or a glass of beverage, as the consumer uses the entire pack at once. With either form, it is important that the mix readily dissolves. Further, if there are any potentially interactive ingredients, such as vitamins and minerals, they should be protected.
This may be accomplished during the drying process by microencapsulation, agglomeration or instantizing. Powdered drink mixes are a much simpler business than frozen and liquid beverage concentrates, as the manufacturing of such mixes requires less costly production equipment. Many manufacturers are simply blenders who procure ready-to-use dried ingredients from suppliers.
The ingredients are combined in the right proportions, thoroughly blended and dispensed into the package. Because one is not shipping or storing fluid, and there are no refrigeration requirements, transportation costs are reduced. The new realm of flavor enhancers A rather new, yet booming beverage concentrate category is liquid enhancers, most notably the drops that combine concentrated flavor with no- or low-calorie sweeteners and are used to liven up beverages.
Kraft Foods Group, Northfield, Ill. The Coca-Cola Co. First it launched Dasani Drops in September , and soon followed with enhancers for the sports and energy drinks markets under its Powerade brand. At its introduction, the latter was promoted as the only liquid water enhancer made with real fruit.
All of the early enhancers, as well as many products rolled out this year, rely on artificial sweeteners, in particular a combination of sucralose and acesulfame potassium. Earlier this year, the first naturally sweetened water enhancer was introduced by Heartland Food Products Group, Carmel, Ind. Relying on a proprietary blend of stevia leaf extract and cane sugar, a serving of the drops adds 5 calories to the water, compared to zero from the artificially sweetened products.
A number of water enhancers include vitamins, minerals and other nutrients. Some are designed for energy, others for sports recovery, and still others for mood enhancement. It was just a matter of time before this flavor-enhancing concept made its way to other beverage categories. The flavor and sweetener concentrate is designed to enhance the taste and color of white milk without adding extra calories. Speaking of coffee flavors, The J. Smucker Co. Flavors are caramel, mocha, hazelnut and vanilla.
This contribution would have been much greater had the animal by-products been also efficiently utilized. Efficient utilization of by-products has direct impact on the economy and environmental pollution of the country. Non-utilization or under utilization of by-products not only lead to loss of potential revenues but also lead to the added and increasing cost of disposal of these products. Non-utilization of animal by-products in a proper way may create major aesthetic and catastrophic health problems.
FERMENTED MILK PRODUCTS
About two-thirds of the milk used to make Greek yogurt ends up as this by-product. For years, companies have paid farmers to spread the waste on land as fertilizer or feed it to livestock. But when the popularity of Greek yogurt skyrocketed in the U. Some companies now treat their whey in anaerobic digesters, which produce methane for electricity. Others are working to extract valuable food ingredients such as lactose from acid whey.
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Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Within the broad theme of pollution prevention, earlier chapters of this book consider various management strategies to reduce the formation of waste during laboratory operations. These include reducing the scale of laboratory operations, cataloging and reusing excess materials, and recycling chemicals that can be recovered safely.
They are the unhealthy acids that cause irritation and inflammation in the body. Herbal teas can actually soothe stomach problems and improve digestion. For times of exercise and exertion where sweat causes mineral loss, a homemade natural electrolyte drink recipe can also be helpful. Energy drinks, tooth-friendly beverages, and non-alcoholic malt beverages are also gaining popularity. When we stop consuming acidic unhealthy beverages and start consuming alkaline healthy beverages our life will transform. Join the discussion today. Phosphoric acid is found in soft drinks. The Problem With Acid in Drinks. All soft drinks, fruit juices, teas, coffees, alcoholic beverages have some form of acid in it or another.
Exploitation of Brewing Industry Wastes to Produce Functional Ingredients
NCBI Bookshelf. Fermentation is biotechnology in which desirable microorganisms are used in the production of value-added products of commercial importance. Fermentation occurs in nature in any sugar-containing mash from fruit, berries, honey, or sap tapped from palms. If left exposed in a warm atmosphere, airborne yeasts act on the sugar to convert it into alcohol and carbon dioxide.
Whey, the liquid residue of cheese, casein and yoghurt production, is one of the biggest reservoirs of food protein available today. World whey output at approximately million tonnes in contains some 1. The latest research shows that whey protein is arguably the most nutritionally valuable protein available; little wonder that nutritional markets such as sports, clinical and infant nutrition are driving an unprecedented investment level in dairy production. Whey as a by-product from the manufacture of hard, semi-hard or soft cheese and rennet casein is known as sweet whey and has a pH of 5. Manufacture of mineral-acid precipitated casein yields acid whey with a pH of 4. Table Whey is very often diluted with water. The figures above relate to undiluted whey. The rest is amino acids and peptides glycomacropeptide from renneting action on casein. Advances in membrane filtration and chromatography have underpinned economically viable commercial processes for the fractionation of whey into highly purified protein and lactose products that allow end users to take advantage of the various functional properties of individual whey components. This is a trend that is expected to continue as research uncovers new bioactive properties and consumers become more educated about the nutritional value of whey.
We all know that drinking water regularly is good for the body. In fact, every system in the human body counts on water to function. Approximately two-thirds of the adult human body is made of water. And did you know your tissues and organs are mainly made up of water? It is important to think of water as a nutrient your body needs. Here are 6 important reasons why you should stay hydrated and the benefits of drinking water for your health. Drinking water helps you lose weight by acting as an effective appetite suppressant so you will feel fuller and eat less — all with zero calories! Managing your cravings could be as simple as drinking more water. Your body fluids transport waste products in and out of your cells, while your kidneys and liver flush those waste products and other toxins out of your body.
Non Acidic Drinks
Regret for the inconvenience: we are taking measures to prevent fraudulent form submissions by extractors and page crawlers. Received: July 22, Published: September 15, Using of citrus by-products in farm animals feeding. Open Access J Sci. DOI:
The evolution of beverage concentrates
The beverage industry consists of two major categories and eight sub-groups. The non-alcoholic category is comprised of soft drink syrup manufacture; soft drink and water bottling and canning; fruit juices bottling, canning and boxing; the coffee industry and the tea industry. Alcoholic beverage categories include distilled spirits, wine and brewing. Although many of these beverages, including beer, wine and tea, have been around for thousands of years, the industry has developed only over the past few centuries.
Sign up for our award-winning Daily Dispatch newsletter—delivered to your inbox every week. Over the last several years, a smattering of bottles of whey-based spirits have been popping up on the shelves at both bars and retail shops around the world. At first, the use of whey seemed like the latest gimmicky hook for marketing spirits, but could whey—the leftover liquid by-product from dairy processing—have the potential to provide a sustainable base for distillate? When Austin was president of the New York State Distillers Guild to , she often attended meetings with representatives from different agricultural sectors—including dairy.
Milk products prepared by lactic acid fermentation e. Kefir are called fermented or cultured milks. The term fermented will be used in this chapter.
Edible soybean protein concentrates are relatively new products. Their availability as commercial products dates from