Stock control, otherwise known as inventory control , is used to show how much stock you have at any one time, and how you keep track of it. It applies to every item you use to produce a product or service, from raw materials to finished goods. It covers stock at every stage of the production process, from purchase and delivery to using and re-ordering the stock. Efficient stock control allows you to have the right amount of stock in the right place at the right time. It ensures that capital is not tied up unnecessarily, and protects production if problems arise with the supply chain. This guide explains different stock control methods, shows you how to set one up and tells you where to find more information.
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- Material Handling
- Spotlight on: 7 Key Warehouse Processes
- Just in Time (JIT)
- Warehouse Dictionary
- Production process overview
- The ultimate guide to warehouse order picking
- The Five Essential Methods for an Efficient Warehouse Operation
- Services for the food products industry
- What Types of Inventory Should Be Kept in a Warehouse?
- A Guide To The Basics of Successful Material Handling
Material HandlingVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Lean Improvements - Warehouse Tour
This sentiment holds especially true for organizations who rely on warehouse staff or automated equipment to fulfill orders. E-commerce behemoths such as Amazon have forever changed the perception of how orders should be fulfilled, both in terms of time and accuracy. But, while your company might not be promising same-hour delivery , these changing expectations are not to be ignored— in fact, they should be shaping your ever-changing warehouse order picking strategy.
Warehouse order picking is a simple concept, but in practice, picking processes can be complex. For instance, if your competitors are undercutting you in terms of fulfillment time or you have received public online complaints concerning order accuracy from customers, the first factor you need to reassess is your warehouse order picking process.
Selecting an overarching plan from the most used categories below will help you to develop a framework if you are reworking your current order picking plan — or even starting from scratch:. In addition to the five most common picking types, many companies will combine two or more to better fit the unique needs of their warehouse.
For instance, managers may integrate the successful points of the above to make a zone-batch picking, zone-waving picking or zone-batch-wave picking plan that fits their changing needs best. From available space to strategies to comprehensive training practices, a full order picking re-vamp entails an investment in both time and sometimes capital in order to pull off a change successfully. Over the past several years some companies dealt with a fair amount of blowback from pickers who were overwhelmed by strict picking quotas.
These might be common-sense hiring techniques, but they are all integral in guaranteeing that the right products get into the hands of your customers in the timeliest fashion possible. Order picking is one of the essential functions of a warehouse operation.
Utilizing the right picking methodologies, leveraging technology to streamline processes and following sound hiring practices will go a long way in optimizing your workflows and contributing to the bottom line. For the latest information on warehouse order picking best practices, methods, equipment and hiring techniques, visit the following resources:. How to Manage and Improve Warehouse Operations.
What is a Pick-to-Light System? For busy warehouses, the world over, the subject of inventory — particularly its management, strategies and systems — is a …. The different types of warehouse order picking Tried and true methods used in order picking Best equipment for warehouse order picking Best hiring practices for warehouse order pickers Further reading on warehouse order picking What is warehouse order picking?
While it may take more time in the pick area, the tradeoff is that it minimizes the number of touches to ship an order. An order can be picked with one touch, without having additional sorts in a discrete picking methodology. Batch picking calls for managers to assess current orders for popularity and place them into batches by their SKU. From there, pickers are in the best location of the warehouse to get orders fulfilled as quickly as possible. Batch picking works especially well for e-commerce businesses with somewhat predictable ordering trends, like those specializing in food and apparel.
Cluster Picking — Efficiency is the name of the game for cluster picking , which involves a single picker compiling multiple orders at a time, usually dealing with a variety of SKUs. This method can give you a serious leg-up when it comes to speed, but you will need to integrate special technologies and resources to make it successful in your warehouse, such as a sharp, well-trained picker, a mobile cart, automated equipment and voice solutions.
Wave Picking — Wave picking makes a whole lot of sense if your warehouse is grappling with high fulfillment demand coupled with plenty of diverse inventory. In wave picking, a single picker prepares each order, line-by-line, but instead of simply being compiled in the number that it was placed, all warehouse orders are first assessed to maximize shipping and picking operations.
In order to make this a sustainable reality, you must have a minimum level of inventory per day, as well as an effective communication procedure for when you might be running low on an item.
Require your warehouse manager or picking specialist to establish routes that eliminate backtracking, which can cause major slowdowns.
Also, keep in touch with your pickers to better understand the factors that may be slowing them down. This investment can be a big decision, but it is much less overwhelming — and a lot clearer — if you include all warehouse managers and supervisors in the conversation, instead of simply keeping it between a salesperson and a boardroom. That way, you can assess all factors to select what smart automation equipment best fits the needs of your growing business.
If you have a hardworking, honest staff, for instance, it might be time to implement a velocity-based slotting plan, integrate smart automation or re-assess your inventory routes.
The result of these innovations is a new style of robot that is suited to work side by side with warehouse pickers. Modern warehouse robots are designed to complement traditional picking processes. These robots have been designed to operate on the floor in the same spaces where associates are at work, often in collaboration with those associates.
In this model, the robot is assigned a task and automatically navigates to a pick location. When it arrives at a location, a picker will pull product from a shelf or carton and place it in a bin or tote on the robot. The robot is then directed by the software controlling the system to the next pick location until all the items for an order are in the tote and ready for delivery to the pack station.
Mobile Collaborative Robots can be very effective for fulfillment centers with a high variety of orders, including a significant number of multi-product orders. Because the robot is responsible for all of the non-value-added travel between tasks, associates on the floor are more productive because they remain in their zone where they are focused on picking items from the shelves.
Heavy-Duty Equipment — This can include anything from the aforementioned smart automated robots to forklifts that have a larger load capacity than the one you are currently using. Whether or not your warehouse is using either of these tools is beside the point; the main takeaway is a simple one — big capital expense, less manpower and more machinery. Of course, not all facets of a warehouse will — or should — be completely automated, but if the available tools save your company more time and money in the long-run, take advantage of the technologies out there.
This technology is a big one as it allows workers to keep their hands and eyes free as they move about the warehouse. In terms of equipment, voice-picking usually requires a headset and microphone connected to a wearable device along with a manual cart that they pull around the warehouse. A big advantage is that many voice-picking devices are also equipped with multi-modal feedback functions, which allows pickers to communicate necessary information back into your system.
In fact, the newest barcode scanners have cutting-edge features that promote automation throughout the supply chain. For even more efficiency, you can use a mobile put-to-light system in conjunction with barcode scanners and mobile robots to inform pickers of inventory location.
Weighing the package before it goes out for shipment ensures that the correct items are, in fact, a part of the order. Additionally, the data compiled by the smart weight scales software can help predict changing shipping costs. Here are some qualifiers and tips to ensure that your pickers can handle the demanding work: The pickers are physically and mentally able to perform work in the long-term — Most successful warehouse picking requires the worker to move from task-to-task in the most timely manner possible.
It might not be a trying job when it comes to strategy or innovation, but it is one that requires some physical and mental prowess. This might be a hard thing to determine in the hiring process , but their application, previous experience or general behavior might be good indicators as to just how meticulous they will be in the warehouse.
More resources on warehouse order picking For the latest information on warehouse order picking best practices, methods, equipment and hiring techniques, visit the following resources: What Are the Different Types of Order Picking in the Warehouse?
How to Manage and Improve Warehouse Operations 2. What is inventory replenishment? For busy warehouses, the world over, the subject of inventory — particularly its management, strategies and systems — is a … Read More.
There are many types of logistics. The most well known type is sales logistics that moves products from the producer to the consumer. In addition, there are a number of other types of logistics, such as procurement logistics which is the flow of raw materials and parts, production logistics which is the flow of materials inside a factory or business, recovery logistics which is the return flow of returns from consumers and waste, and recycling logistics which is the flow of recyclable materials. This section describes the types and fields of logistics in depth. Logistics can be split into five types by field: procurement logistics, production logistics, sales logistics, recovery logistics, and recycling logistics.
Spotlight on: 7 Key Warehouse Processes
Warehouse describes a facility where it served the purpose of storing goods. In ecommerce, warehouses are mainly used to keep items on stock to make sure the short delivery times needed can be fulfilled. Obviously, there are many other uses for warehouses outside of ecommerce. Just think of production warehouses with parts or warehouses to serve as a buffer between production and expedition. Whatever the use of a warehouse, they all follow the same principle of inbound-storage-outbound processes: stuff comes in, is stored, and goes out again. To facilitate a good flow, it is important that internal warehouse layout must be associated with external warehouse layout. Congestion outside the warehouse, caused by parking area constraints can also affect all warehouse activities.
Just in Time (JIT)
Material handling is the movement, protection, storage and control of materials and products throughout manufacturing, warehousing, distribution, consumption and disposal. As a process, material handling incorporates a wide range of manual , semi-automated and automated equipment and systems that support logistics and make the supply chain work. Their application helps with:. There is a variety of manual, semi-automated and automated material handling equipment and technologies available to aid in the movement, protection, storage and control of materials and products throughout manufacturing, distribution, consumption and disposal.
For more information about these licensing changes, see Dynamics Licensing Update. This topic gives an overview of the production processes. It describes the various stages of production orders, batch orders, and kanbans, from order creation to closing of the financial period. The production of products, a process that is also known as the production life cycle, follows specific steps that are required to complete the manufacture of an item. The life cycle begins with the creation of the production order, batch order, or kanban. It ends with a finished, manufactured item that is ready for either a customer or another phase of production. Each step in the life cycle requires different kinds of information to complete the process. As each step is completed, the production order, batch order, or kanban shows a change in the production status. Different types of products require different manufacturing processes.
Bolero Ozon. Deirdre A. Gaquin , Mary Meghan Ryan.
Production process overview
Material handling equipment MHE is mechanical equipment used for the movement, storage, control and protection of materials, goods and products throughout the process of manufacturing, distribution, consumption and disposal. Transport equipment is used to move material from one location to another e. Material can also be transported manually using no equipment. Conveyors are used when material is to be moved frequently between specific points over a fixed path and when there is a sufficient flow volume to justify the fixed conveyor investment. Accumulation allows intermittent movement of each unit of material transported along the conveyor, while all units move simultaneously on conveyors without accumulation capability. Examples of bulk-handling conveyors include the magnetic-belt, troughed-belt, bucket, and screw conveyors. An electric tug is a small battery powered and pedestrian operated machine capable of either pushing or pulling a significantly heavier load than itself. Traction and load control are achieved through weight transfer. Weight transfer is the principle of adding balance to the machine either through hydraulic action or leverage.
The ultimate guide to warehouse order picking
This sentiment holds especially true for organizations who rely on warehouse staff or automated equipment to fulfill orders. E-commerce behemoths such as Amazon have forever changed the perception of how orders should be fulfilled, both in terms of time and accuracy. But, while your company might not be promising same-hour delivery , these changing expectations are not to be ignored— in fact, they should be shaping your ever-changing warehouse order picking strategy. Warehouse order picking is a simple concept, but in practice, picking processes can be complex. For instance, if your competitors are undercutting you in terms of fulfillment time or you have received public online complaints concerning order accuracy from customers, the first factor you need to reassess is your warehouse order picking process. Selecting an overarching plan from the most used categories below will help you to develop a framework if you are reworking your current order picking plan — or even starting from scratch:. In addition to the five most common picking types, many companies will combine two or more to better fit the unique needs of their warehouse. For instance, managers may integrate the successful points of the above to make a zone-batch picking, zone-waving picking or zone-batch-wave picking plan that fits their changing needs best.
The Five Essential Methods for an Efficient Warehouse Operation
This method requires producers to forecast demand accurately. Consequently, the manufacturer orders the parts required to assemble the cars, only after an order is received. For JIT manufacturing to succeed, companies must have steady production, high-quality workmanship, glitch-free plant machinery, and reliable suppliers. JIT production systems cut inventory costs because manufacturers do not have to pay storage costs.
Services for the food products industry
Download this warehouse and distribution center terminology dictionary here: Download. Warehouse Management System. Cold Storage.
What Types of Inventory Should Be Kept in a Warehouse?
Inventory consists of products or goods in excess of what is needed or used at the moment. Both retailers and manufacturers stock inventory to prevent disruptions in production and sales. While some operations have the capability to stock inventory on site, many utilize warehouses.
A Guide To The Basics of Successful Material Handling
By eliminating paperwork and relying on mobile powered carts, companies can effectively boost dock-to-stock cycle time, eliminate improperly labeled products, and minimize inaccurate inventories. Read More. Pushed to do more with less, and to keep workers as productive as possible in the midst of a labor crunch, managers in manufacturing need state of the art tools that help them improve processes while also minimizing errors and ensuring high levels of quality. Mobile POS technologies are transforming the brick-and-mortar retail.