Question 1. Multiple Choice Questions: Choose the correct answer from the following. Question a In which year the Industrial Policy of India was declared? Answer: c Answer: b Mumbai. Question c Where is the security paper mill located in India?
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- Understanding and Controlling Foam in Industry
- MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 3 Industries in India
- Effective utilization of sugar industry waste in Indian construction sector: A geospatial approach
- Bagasse Pol
- Sugar industry waste turned into next-generation battery material
- Sugar industry waste turned into next-generation battery material
Understanding and Controlling Foam in IndustryVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Waste water characteristics of dairy and sugar industry
Question 1. Multiple Choice Questions: Choose the correct answer from the following. Question a In which year the Industrial Policy of India was declared? Answer: c Answer: b Mumbai. Question c Where is the security paper mill located in India? Answer: b Titagarh. Question d In which of the following industries, air pollution is maximum: a Match sticks industry b Paper industry c Chemical industry d Furniture industry. Answer: c Chemical industry.
Answer: a What is an industry? Or What do you mean by manufacturing industry? MP Board Answer: The work of making or manufacturing things is called industry. In the process of manufacturing or making things man uses raw material and converts it into finished goods with the help of labour, energy and technology.
Question 2. What is the raw material used in paper industry? Answer: The pulp made of bamboo, rubber wood and grass is the basic raw material of tlfe paper industry. Question 3. Which is the biggest iron and steel industry in India?
Question 4. What do you mean by pollution? Answer: Pollution is meant any undesirable change in the air, water or land which occurs due to undesirable changes, on account of any physical, chemical or biological factor and which adversely affects the health, safety or welfare of all living brings.
For example, air pollution, sound pollution, water pollution and land pollution etc. In how many types the industries can be classified on the basis of ownership? Answer: On the basis of ownership the following types of industries are:. How many types of industries can be there on the basis of raw material used? MP Board , Answer: On the basis of raw material used in industrial units are divided into three parts: a Agro — based: Where raw materials is agricultural product e.
Why is iron and steel industry called a basic industry? MP Board , Or Iron — steel industry is a basic industry. MP Board Answer: Industries which are very important because many other industries depend on them for the supply of machines and other equipments necessary for the production of goods.
Such industries are called Basic or Key industries. Iron and Steel industry is a very important basic or key industry. Iron and Steel industries lay the foundations of other industries which include heavy engineering, ship building, automobiles etc. Where are paper units set up in West Bengal? MP Board, Answer: The raw materials from agricultural products, forest and the pulp of bamboo and grass are abudantly available in the riverine zone of West Bengal and the marshland of Sunderban.
There are the following area:. On the other hand suitable climatic condition centrally setup labour availability and good networking are the boon for the of paper industry in West Bengal. Question 5. State the need of establishing cottage and small scale industry in local level? Answer: Small scale and cottage industries are the backbone of an economy. Some industries are based on agricultural and forest produces. These industries obtain the supply of raw material in the form of agricultural crops and forest products.
In forest and village areas where the vanvasis and villagers twelve, there is an acute lack of industries. Therefore there is an urgent need to establish small and cottage industries. MP Board Answer: Types of industries in India: On the basis of ownership, utility, size, raw material and nature of finished goods produced, types of industries can be classified as follows:.
On the Basis of Utility industries can be classified into two types: a Basic industries: Such industries which provide basis for other industries. The products of such industries are used for setting up and running other industrial units like iron and steel industry.
Leather industry. If such industries are located in a village they are called village or rural industries and if they are located in a town they are known as urban cottage industry. In which four areas the Iron and Steel Industry is located and why? State the area wise names of the plants?
This place is now known as Jamshedpur. The main reason of localisation of this industry in these areas is that the raw materials used in this industry are heavy, cheap and full of impurities due to which it is uneconomical to transport heavy raw materials, therefore the production units themselve are set up there. The industry is mainly localised in four regions:. Production of iron and steel: The systematic development of Iron and Steel Industry of India after independence has resulted into sustained increase in die production in last few decades during — the production was 70 lakh tones which increased to lakh tones in the year — The industry is giving direct employment to more than 5 lakh persons in India.
Describe the production and distribution details of the paper industry of India? Answer: Production of paper: India ranks 20th in the world in respect of paper production as per independence paper production has increased thirty times. The main paper producing states in the country are Karnataka, Bihar, Jharkhand, Kerala, etc. In Hoshangabad of Madhya Pradesh the security paper mill is also there.
There are more than paper and straw based mills in the country which give direct employment to approximately 3 lakh people.
In our country the demand for paper is more than the production therefore, this industry needs concentrated efforts to speed up the development further.
Describe the contribution of industries in the national economy? Or What is the contribution of industries in national economoy? After independence the need for industrial development was felt for the economic development of the country.
Through Five Year Plans Targets for industrial development were set. Consequently, due to increasing contribution of industries in national development, achievement of following objectives could become possible. MP Board Answer: The pollution generated by industries is called industrial pollution. The industrial development has, on the one hand, played an important role in developing the economy, while it has a adversely affected the environment and it is assuming vast proportions day by day.
Main types of industrial pollution are as under:. There are other factors also responsible for atmosphere pollution but here we shall study this problem with regard to industrialisation. Air pollution: The poisonous gases and smoke emitted by the industrial plants are main cause of air pollution, The nature and quantum of industrial pollution depends on the type of industry, raw material used and manufacturing technique and process.
From this point of view textile industry, chemical industries, metal industry, oil refineries and sugar industry cause more pollution as compared to some other industries. Water pollution: Water is necessary for life. Undesirable elements when get mixed up with water, they pollute the water. Water is used for production by industries.
During the manufacturing processes harmful matter, salts, acids and chemicals etc. Land pollution: The supply of land is limited. Misuse of this resource can have serious effects. Disposal of industrial waste on the surface of the earth is known as land pollution. These waste matters are not natural and they do not get absorbed in the natural cycle i. Sound or Noise pollution: Any sound in the air which is irritating and hampers the functioning of mind properly i. A variety of machines are used in industries which produce constant noise.
Generators also make constant noise. Consequently the workers working here become victims of deafness and many mental problems. Question 6. State the measures to control industrial pollution?
MP Board , Answer: The following steps can be taken to control the various types of industrial pollution: Measures to control air pollution:. Question 7. Answer: In Madhya Pradesh different types of valuable forest produce are through which the state government earns huge income every year.
The government has introduced several schemes to collect and make use of forest products. It is essential for the development of vanvasis, that a part of forest products is used in small scale and cottage industries which are established locally. In this way the economic and social progress of the local inhabitants can be achieved. Question a Which of the following raw material is related to the paper industry? Answer: b Cotton.
Answer: b Air pollution. Answer: c Polluted water. Question e The first large scale plant of iron and steel was set up? Match the Cloumn: Answer:.
MP Board Class 10th Social Science Solutions Chapter 3 Industries in India
Agave bagasse is a similar material that consists of the tissue of the blue agave after extraction of the sap. For every 10 tonnes of sugarcane crushed, a sugar factory produces nearly three tonnes of wet bagasse. Since bagasse is a by-product of the cane sugar industry, the quantity of production in each country is in line with the quantity of sugarcane produced. The high moisture content of bagasse, typically 40—50 percent, is detrimental to its use as a fuel. In general, bagasse is stored prior to further processing. For electricity production, it is stored under moist conditions, and the mild exothermic process that results from the degradation of residual sugars dries the bagasse pile slightly.
Effective utilization of sugar industry waste in Indian construction sector: A geospatial approach
In our world today, and to an ever-increasing extent in the years to come, no product sold on the market can be developed without taking into considerations its impact on the environment. This statement is particularly valid for a food product such as sugar, given the rising interest and expansion of markets for natural and organic products obtained through procedures, both in the agricultural and industrial stages, in which the use of chemicals and damage to the local and global environment are avoided or reduced to a minimum. Amidst the tense, controversial discussions taking place at present within the so-called Millennium Round, its agricultural negotiations and the issue of whether to include environmental matters in these talks, cane sugar producers have many advantages to offer and arguments to show the superiority of cane as a raw material for food and energy production; as opposed to other raw materials for sugar or substitute sweetener production such as corn and sugar beets. The aim of this paper is to attempt to present a brief summary of the potential of sugar cane as regards the environment as well as to discuss the current status of environmental legislation in effect in countries in the Latin American and Caribbean Region. The various cane varieties cultivated for commercial purposes world-wide are species or hybrids of the Saccharum genus, which in turn belongs to the grass family.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Working Procedure Of Effluent treatment Plant (ETP) - Treatment of Waste Water - ETP - How.
The objective of this study was to develop a method for the thermally-assisted acidic hydrolysis of waste biomass from the sugar industry sugar beet pulp and leaves for chemical and biotechnological purposes. The distillates, containing furfural, can be catalytically reduced directly into furfurayl alcohol or tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol. The sugars present in the hydrolysates can be converted by lactic bacteria into lactic acid, which, by catalytic reduction, leads to propylene glycol. The sugars may also be utilized by microorganisms in the process of cell proliferation, and the biomass obtained used as a protein supplement in animal feed. Our study also considered the effects of the mode and length of preservation fresh, ensilage, and drying on the yields of furfural and monosaccharides. The yield of furfural in the distillates was measured using gas chromatography with flame ionization detector GC-FID. The content of monosaccharides in the hydrolysates was measured spectrophotometrically using enzymatic kits. Biomass preserved under all tested conditions produced high yields of furfural, comparable to those for fresh material.
Focusing of our actions on the circular economy and the regions, developing new ways of recovering non-food waste in our plants and preserving natural resources to the greatest extent possible. Recovering cellulose waste The Futurol project was intended to develop and demonstrate a process to produce ethanol biologically, known as second-generation ethanol, using ligno-cellulose material deriving from agricultural and forestry by-products, waste and dedicated crops. Tereos has been involved in the project since
Sugar industry waste turned into next-generation battery material
Abstract Construction world is either directly or indirectly contributed to the environmental degradation that has resulted in global warming and climate change . In addressing this issue, the application of the sustainable development concept that is now known as green construction has been done with concrete constituent materials modification. Another issue about the rising price of oil has resulted in the construction material products including material such as clay bricks and a number of other construction materials. Therefore, research on Green-material products will meet the challenges of economical and environmental aspects. Industrial waste of Styrofoam is used in this study to generate concrete with a light weight and has a good resistance against seepage.
Sugar industry waste turned into next-generation battery material
The relationship and the importance of the selected subset of technology to be broad one to which it belongs;. The economic aspects of technologies along with their feasibilities which leads to the preferred option s ;. Impact of the preferred option by itself, its linkages to the broad area of technology and spin offs, and. Maximum possible quantification is required. Action Plan for implementation of recommendations alongwith identification of:. Expected impact of recommendations, if implemented. The study to build upon the earlier studies of TIFAC and other organizations, with a fouce of details for action. The report is on the findings of mail survey and field visits and the information collected through desk research. Mail survey and field visits were conducted to elicit the views of different categories of respondents viz.
Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management. Sugarcane bagasse ash SCBA , a by-product from sugar industry, has been evidently reported as a potential alternative cementitious material that can partially replace cement. Lack of comprehensive SCBA availability and accessibility studies are the major deterrents for the effective utilization of SCBA in industrial scale applications. This study investigated the availability of bagasse ash, fly ash, and slag in India, and their accessibility to existing cement plants.
The patented measurement technique developed by Hycontrol uses level measuring technology specifically developed for measuring foam levels and foam-liquid interfaces. Suitable for both aqueous and non-aqueous liquids, this technology already has a proven track record in a wide range of applications and industries.
Но что-то продолжало продвигать его -- вперед и. Был ли он сам творцом собственной судьбы или же судьба как-то по-особенному возлюбила. Возможно, все это было лишь производным теории вероятностей, действия законов случая. Ведь любой мог обнаружить путь, по которому он уже прошел, и бессчетное количество раз за минувшие тысячелетия другие, должно быть, заходили почти так же .
Они поместили в эти пределы все, что только могло когда-нибудь понадобиться человеческому роду - и были уверены, что мы никогда не покинем. Физические препоны наименее важны. Возможно, существуют пути, ведущие из города, но я думаю, ты не пройдешь по ним слишком далеко, если даже и обнаружишь .